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Table 1 Cross-tabulation of the generational status of households and language use, based on data from the National Survey of Children’s Health, 2011–2012, for Hispanic children in the US. The generational status and language variables were used to categorize children into low, moderate, and high household acculturation levels as shown below. The estimated percentages and estimated Ns account for the weighting and complex survey design of the NSCH and are thus nationally representative, while the observations do not account for weighting or complex survey design

From: Acculturation and the oral health of a nationally representative sample of Hispanic children in the United States: an analysis of 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data

Language Measure Generational Status of Household Totals
1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd or Higher Generation
English was not the primary language in the household or the survey was taken in a language other than English Acculturation Categorization Low Low Moderate -
Estimated % of Population 7.9% 41.4% 2.5% 51.8%
Estimated N in Population 927,178 4,852,472 293,391 6,073,041
Observations in Sample 563 2847 165 3575
English was the primary language in the household and the survey was taken in English Acculturation Categorization Moderate Moderate High -
Estimated % of Population 0.2% 13.6% 34.4% 48.2%
Estimated N in Population 27,727 1,598,506 4,029,363 5,655,596
Observations in Sample 25 1453 4090 5568
Totals Acculturation Categorization - - - -
Estimated % of Population 8.1% 55.0% 36.9% 100.0%
Estimated N in Population 954,905 6,450,978 4,322,754 11,728,637
Observations in Sample 588 4300 4255 9143