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Table 2 Prevalence (expressed as a percentage) of men and women not complying with the World Health Organization’s aerobic physical activity recommendations in the European Union countries between 2013 and 2017 and differences in the prevalence between both genders and for the same years

From: The active living gender’s gap challenge: 2013–2017 Eurobarometers physical inactivity data show constant higher prevalence in women with no progress towards global reduction goals

 Gender (sample)201320172013–2017
Prevalence (%)95% CIZ-scorep-valuePrevalence (%)95% CIZ-scorep-valueZ-scorep-value
European UnionWomen42.1%41.3–42.9%11.75<  0.001*43.8%43.0–44.6%7.83<  0.001*2.880.04*
Men35.1%34.2–35.9%39.1%38.2–40.0%6.48<  0.001*
Country-by-country
 AustriaWomen (n = 1062)37.1%32.9–41.2%0.690.4946.5%42.3–50.8%2.010.04#3.130.002*
Men (n = 952)34.9%30.7–39.2%40.3%35.9–44.7%1.690.09
 BelgiumWomen (n = 1057)53.9%49.7–58.1%5.04<  0.001#46.8%42.8–50.8%1.570.12−2.300.02&
Men (n = 972)38.3%34.1–42.6%41.8%38.0–45.6%1.110.27
 BulgariaWomen (n = 1076)42.9%38.7–47.1%1.220.2248.6%44.5–52.8%−0.470.641.890.06
Men (n = 916)39.0%34.6–43.5%50.1%45.5–54.7%3.37<  0.001*
 CroatiaWomen (n = 1128)35.5%31.5–39.5%2.400.02#44.8%40.7–48.9%−0.820.413.180.001*
Men (n = 879)28.3%24.1–32.5%47.4%42.7–52.1%5.83<  0.001*
 CyprusWomen (528)70.5%65.0–76.1%2.930.003#69.6%64.1–75.1%3.81<  0.001#−0.230.82
Men (n = 441)57.8%51.3–64.2%52.8%46.1–59.4%−1.060.29
 CzechiaWomen (n = 1157)40.8%36.8–44.8%2.720.006#43.5%39.5–47.6%0.600.550.930.35
Men (n = 847)32.4%27.9–36.9%41.6%37.0–46.3%2.790.01*
 DenmarkWomen (n = 993)28.6%24.7–32.5%−1.330.1829.8%25.8–33.9%−1.060.290.430.67
Men (n = 993)32.5%28.3–36.7%32.9%28.9–37.0%0.150.88
 EstoniaWomen (n = 1227)33.4%29.6–37.2%1.640.1029.8%26.3–33.4%0.120.90−1.340.18
Men (n = 740)28.5%24.0–32.9%29.4%24.6–34.3%0.290.77
 FinlandWomen (n = 1036)28.9%25.0–32.8%−0.170.8729.4%25.5–33.4%−0.340.740.200.84
Men (n = 919)29.4%25.1–33.7%30.4%26.3–34.5%0.340.73
 FranceWomen (n = 1098)50.2%46.0–54.4%5.28<  0.001#50.9%46.7–55.0%4.23<  0.001#0.240.81
Men (n = 894)33.6%29.3–37.9%37.4%32.9–42.0%1.180.24
 GermanyWomen (n = 1396)19.7%16.6–22.9%0.290.7726.5%23.4–29.6%0.540.592.940.003*
Men (n = 1396)19.1%16.0–22.1%25.3%22.2–28.4%2.770.006*
 GreeceWomen (n = 1043)51.6%47.2–55.9%2.260.02#56.1%51.9–60.3%3.79<  0.001#1.450.15
Men (n = 909)44.3%39.8–48.8%43.9%39.3–48.5%−0.130.9
 HungaryWomen (n = 1191)47.7%43.6–51.7%3.85<  0.001#43.9%39.9–47.8%1.340.18−1.320.19
Men (n = 835)35.4%30.8–40.1%39.7%35.1–44.4%1.280.2
  IrelandWomen (n = 1062)42.6%38.5–46.8%3.44<  0.001#47.6%43.2–51.9%3.55<  0.001#1.620.11
Men (n = 897)31.9%27.4–36.3%36.4%32.0–40.7%1.430.15
 ItalyWomen (n = 1065)64.6%60.6–68.6%4.38<  0.001#65.0%60.9–69.1%1.720.090.130.9
Men (n = 946)50.8%46.1–55.5%59.8%55.5–64.0%2.270.01*
 LatviaWomen (n = 1144)28.0%24.2–31.8%1.830.0730.2%26.6–33.9%1.510.130.820.41
Men (n = 804)22.9%19.0–26.8%25.7%21.2–30.2%0.930.35
 LithuaniaWomen (n = 1162)36.0%31.9–40.1%1.500.1345.8%41.9–49.7%1.150.253.40<  0.001*
Men (n = 805)31.4%27.1–35.8%42.1%37.0–47.1%3.13<  0.001*
 LuxembourgWomen (n = 579)33.2%27.8–38.6%−0.410.6832.1%26.7–37.5%1.730.08−0.300.77
Men (n = 391)35.0%28.4–41.7%24.7%18.7–30.8%−2.220.03&
 MaltaWomen (n = 582)66.3%60.9–71.7%2.390.02#76.7%71.9–81.6%3.37<  0.001#2.790.01*
Men (n = 406)55.6%48.7–62.6%62.9%56.3–69.4%1.490.14
 NetherlandsWomen (n = 1013)23.5%20.0–27.1%−0.260.7926.2%22.2–30.2%1.370.170.990.32
Men (n = 991)24.2%20.3–28.2%22.5%19.0–26.1%−0.640.52
 PolandWomen (n = 1115)58.1%54.1–62.1%2.190.03#52.6%48.5–56.7%−0.450.64−1.880.06
Men (n = 750)50.8%45.7–56.0%54.1%49.2–59.1%0.900.37
 PortugalWomen (n = 1197)65.5%61.6–69.4%4.54<  0.001#72.7%69.2–76.2%3.74<  0.001#2.690.01*
Men (n = 889)51.5%47.0–56.1%61.8%57.2–66.4%3.08<  0.001*
 RomaniaWomen (n = 992)36.6%32.3–40.9%1.470.1451.7%47.3–56.0%0.860.394.78<  0.001*
Men (n = 949)32.1%28.0–36.2%48.9%44.3–53.5%5.28<  0.001*
 SlovakiaWomen (n = 1161)37.9%33.9–41.9%0.290.7744.6%40.6–48.5%−0.790.432.290.02*
Men (n = 877)37.0%32.4–41.7%47.0%42.4–51.5%2.97<  0.001*
 SloveniaWomen (n = 1194)42.6%38.8–46.4%2.550.01#39.6%35.5–43.7%1.730.081.050.30
Men (n = 918)34.9%30.6–39.3%34.3%30.0–38.7%−0.190.85
 SpainWomen (n = 1079)32.4%28.4–36.4%2.920.003#37.2%33.2–41.2%2.390.02#1.660.10
Men (n = 910)24.0%20.1–27.9%30.0%25.7–34.2%2.040.04
 SwedenWomen (n = 978)23.4%19.6–27.1%1.020.3122.4%18.8–26.1%−0.430.67−0.340.73
Men (n = 1046)20.7%17.1–24.2%23.6%20.0–27.1%1.130.26
United KingdomWomen (n = 1021)44.0%39.7–48.3%2.280.02#40.6%36.4–44.9%2.360.02#−1.080.28
Men (n = 959)36.8%32.3–41.2%33.5%29.3–37.6%−1.070.29
  1. CI Confidence intervals
  2. *Significant increases in physical inactivity prevalence (p ≤ 0.05)
  3. &Significant reductions in physical inactivity prevalence (p ≤ 0.05)
  4. #Significant higher prevalence of physical inactivity in women in comparison with men (p ≤ 0.05)
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