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Table 4 Odds ratios of change in prevalence from baseline to end-line for parasitic infections, anaemia, stunting and thinness, in a cohort of schoolchildren in two districts of Nepal, March-May 2015 and June 2016

From: Nutritional and health status of children 15 months after integrated school garden, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene interventions: a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal

OutcomesGroupBaseline prevalence (%)End-line prevalence (%)Odds ratioa (OR)95% CIp-value**
StuntingbControl19.718.90.910.56–1.49 
SG-intervention17.719.51.170.62–2.200.54
Combined intervention (SG+)19.918.30.880.49–1.560.92
ThinnessbControl12.37.10.470.24–0.94 
SG-intervention9.710.41.090.48–2.480.12
Combined intervention (SG+)5.79.92.100.88–5.02< 0.01
AnaemiacControl22.741.33.061.97–4.77 
SG-intervention20.743.93.772.17–6.560.56
Combined intervention (SG+)33.032.00.940.59–1.51< 0.01
Intestinal parasitic infectionsControl43.942.40.950.67–1.36 
SG-intervention33.527.40.750.46–1.200.42
Combined intervention (SG+)37.19.40.160.09–0.29< 0.01
  1. SG School garden
  2. SG+ School garden, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
  3. **The p-value refers to the difference between the respective odds ratio and the corresponding odds ratio in the control group
  4. aOdds ratios of change in prevalence were estimated by mixed logistic regression models for symptom status at baseline and end-line, including the factor group and group-specific indicator variables for endline measurements, as well as random intercepts for schools and for children. Further adjustment was made for the district, age and sex of the child, and for education level of caregivers
  5. bStunting: height for age < −2 SD of the WHO Child Growth Standards Median
  6. bThinness: weight for height < −2 SD of the Child Growth Standards Median
  7. cCut-off point for anaemia: haemoglobin lower than 80 g/l