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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of the Swedish sample (n = 248)

From: Validation of the patient activation measure in patients at discharge from hospitals and at distance from hospital care in Sweden

Variablesn (%)Missing n (%)PAM total scoreb Mean (SD)
Sex 1 (0.4) 
Male127 (51.2) 57.3 (13.0)
Female120 (48.4) 60.2 (15.9)
Agea (years)704 (1.6) 
Education 5 (2.0) 
Less than 9 years31 (12.5) 52.5 (16.4)
Primary school (= 9 years)84 (33.9) 56.5 (15.1)
Secondary school/Vocational training80 (32.3) 61.3 (13.9)
University48 (19.4) 62.2 (12.3)
Main diagnosis 10 (4.0) 
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease42 (16.9) 54.7 (15.8)
Heart failure52 (21.0) 54.3 (13.4)
Arterial fibrillation/AF10 (4.0) 67.4 (14.5)
Cancer36 (14.5) 56.1 (10.7)
Diabetes mellitus6 (2.4) 61.4 (16.8)
Surgical/Acute92 (37.1) 62.3 (14.3)
General health 1 (0.4) 
Excellent42 (17.3) 60.4 (18.2)
Very good82 (33.1) 62.6 (15.6)
Good72 (29.0) 62.7 (13.2)
Fair38 (15.3) 57.1 (13.4)
Poor12 (4.8) 51.7 (14.3)
  1. aMedian age, bTotal score is the calibrated 0–100 metric of the 242 people who completed 10 or more items of PAM