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Table 7 Identified interventions and possible intervention mechanisms

From: Household-focused interventions to enhance the treatment and management of HIV in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Name of interventionTheory of changePossible mechanismReference
Family Strengthening InterventionEcological TheoryPerceived social support[53]
Family Strengthening InterventionEcological TheoryPerceived social support[54]
Let’s TalkEco-development Theory
Cognitive Behavioural Theory
Perceived social support
Improved self-efficacy
[51]
The Families Matter! ProgrammeSocial Learning TheoryImproved self-efficacy[52]
Family-based prevention intervention to reduce alcohol use and violence within HIV-affected familiesUnidentified*Unidentified*[55]
Community-Based Adherence Social SupportUnidentified*Perceived social support[46]
Together for Empowerment ActivitiesSocial Action TheoryEmpowerment[47]
Integrated Community/ Home-based CareUnidentified*Perceived social support[48]
Resilience, education, and Skills Development for Youth and FamiliesEcological Transactional TheoryImproved self-efficacy
Perceived social support
[56]
Integrated Family-Based counselling and Testing interventionEwart’s social action theoryPerceived social support
Improved self-efficacy
[50]
Together for Empowerment ActivitiesSocial Action TheoryEmpowerment[49]
  1. Unidentified* No explicit theory associated with the intervention development was identified
  2. Unnamed* No specific name was associated with the intervention