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Table 1 The Population-Intervention-Comparison-Outcome approach to framing our research question

From: Household-focused interventions to enhance the treatment and management of HIV in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

PICODefinitions
PopulationPeople Living with HIV/AIDS and their households/families
InterventionHousehold -centred/targeted interventions
ComparisonNot applicable
Outcome(s)Primary outcomes:
Adherence to treatment; retention in care
Secondary outcomes:
Individual-level:
• Improved quality of life
• Enabled self-management
• Disclosure
• Improved perceived social support
Household-level:
• Improved HIV knowledge and prevention practices – safe sex (condom use)
• Attitude towards HIV and treatment; stigma; communication about HIV, disclosure
• Household functioning – household relationship, system maintenance
• HIV testing, treatment support at household, ownership of the disease
• Provide support to a household member living with HIV