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Table 4 Prevalence of anemia per women’ health status and living conditions

From: Identifying risk factors of anemia among women of reproductive age in Rwanda – a cross-sectional study using secondary data from the Rwanda demographic and health survey 2014/2015

VariablesAnemia prevalenceP value
n%95% CI
Currently pregnantNo or unsure117018.9[17.7–20.2]0.019*
Yes11523.4[19.6–27.6]
Number of children ever bornHad no child45619.6[17.9–21.4]0.684
1–3 children47218.6[17.0–20.4]
4–6 children25919.2[17.0–21.6]
7 or more9720.8[17.1–25.2]
Currently breastfeedingNo91919.2[17.8–20.6]0.918
Yes36619.3[17.4–21.4]
Type of contraceptive method usedNone, natural, barriers or permanent94020.6[19.1–22.1]< 0.001*
Hormonal21513.7[11.9–15.8]
Intrauterine device (IUD)1529.1[19.2–41.5]
Pregnant11523.4[19.6–27.6]
Nutrition status/Body Mass IndexNormal91219.1[17.8–20.5]< 0.001*
Underweight10826.3[22.0–31.1]
Overweight23319.0[16.7–21.5]
Obese3011.6[8.1–16.4]
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazineNot at all97019.7[18.3–21.2]0.199
Less than once a week23517.4[15.4–19.6]
At least once a week7819.3[15.5–23.8]
Frequency of listening to radioNot at all23321.6[18.8–24.7]0.138
Less than once a week29219.6[17.2–22.1]
At least once a week75918.5[17.1–20.0]
Frequency of watching televisionNot at all75519.9[18.3–21.5]0.237
Less than once a week33018.8[16.8–20.9]
At least once a week19517.6[15.3–20.1]
Have mosquito bed net for sleepingNo23222.1[19.4–25.1]0.020*
Yes105218.7[17.4–20.1]
Respondent slept under mosquito netNo47021.5[19.5–23.6]0.003*
Yes81518.1[16.8–19.6]
Type of toilet facilityNonimproved39122.0[19.7–24.4]0.003*
Improved87118.2[16.9–19.6]
Source of drinking waterNonimproved32719.5[17.0–22.3]0.785
Improved93519.1[17.8–20.5]
Access to health facility/ distanceA big problem28520.0[17.5–22.7]0.503
Not a big problem99919.0[17.7–20.4]
  1. P values are from Pearson’s chi-squared test
  2. *: Unadjusted significant variables (p < 0.05)