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Table 3 Prevalence of anemia per socio demographic characteristics

From: Identifying risk factors of anemia among women of reproductive age in Rwanda – a cross-sectional study using secondary data from the Rwanda demographic and health survey 2014/2015

VariablesAnemia prevalenceP value
n%95% CI
Age categories15–1926018.8[16.6–21.2]0.168
20–2424019.6[17.3–22.1]
25–2920818.1[15.9–20.5]
30–3418418.0[15.6–20.7]
35–3915519.5[16.6–22.6]
40–4412119.7[16.7–23.2]
45–4911624.0[20.3–28.1]
ProvinceKigali city13314.8[12.2–17.8]< 0.001*
South36722.9[20.4–25.6]
West25817.9[15.6–20.5]
North16715.4[13.1–17.9]
East35921.8[18.9–25.0]
Educational attainmentComplete primary24416.8[14.8–19.1]0.010*
Incomplete primary58020.3[18.5–22.1]
Incomplete secondary18918.1[15.8–20.6]
Complete secondary5415.9[12.1–20.7]
Higher3820.7[15.6–26.9]
No education17922.5[19.5–25.8]
Economic StatusPoor58922.5[20.6–24.5]< 0.001*
Middle class23518.8[16.3–21.7]
Rich46016.4[14.9–18.0]
Marital statusSingle48519.1[17.4–20.8]0.001*
Married/living together62518.2[16.7–19.8]
Separated/widowed17424.8[21.4–28.5]
Type of residenceUrban21716.3[14.3–18.6]0.010*
Rural106819.9[18.5–21.5]
  1. P value are from Pearson’s chi-squared test
  2. *: Unadjusted significant variables (p < 0.05)