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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression models for modification of the association between bridging social capitala and daily smoking, no sports participation, no leisure time walking, and no leisure time cycling, by educational level

From: How does bridging social capital relate to health-behavior, overweight and obesity among low and high educated groups? A cross-sectional analysis of GLOBE-2014

 Bonding social capitalaBridging social capitalaORs (95% CI) for bridging capital within educational groups
Daily smoking
 EducationN smoking vs. N non-smokingOR b(95% CI)N smoking vs.
N non-smoking
ORb(95% CI)ORc(95% CI)
 High62 vs. 8971.00 33 vs. 2522.08***(1.35–3.19)2.11***(1.37–3.27)
 Medium69 vs. 2883.75***(2.59–5.42)54 vs. 2193.50***(2.35–5.22)1.01(0.67–1.51)
 Low69 vs. 2585.14***(3.37–7.84)85 vs. 2077.34***(4.87–11.07)1.35(0.90–2.03)
No sports participation
 EducationN no sports vs. N doing sportsOR b(95% CI)N no sports vs.
N doing sports
ORb(95% CI)ORc(95% CI)
 High218 vs. 6741.00 82 vs. 1821.29(0.96–1.75)1.32(0.97–1.80)
 Medium122 vs. 2131.43**(1.09–1.87)106 vs. 1401.94***(1.44–2.61)1.37(0.97–1.94)
 Low166 vs. 1422.27***(1.68–3.08)153 vs. 1212.52***(1.85–3.44)1.12(0.80–1.58)
No leisure time walking
 EducationN no walking vs. N walkingORb(95% CI)N no walking vs.
N walking
ORb(95% CI)ORc(95% CI)
 High695 vs. 2201.00 199 vs. 671.04(0.66–1.63)1.01(0.63–1.59)
 Medium243 vs. 971.28(0.84–1.94)185 vs. 721.01(0.62–1.64)0.80(0.43–1.48)
 Low131 vs. 1731.20(0.78–1.85)134 vs. 1241.85**(1.19–2.87)1.49(0.94–2.37)
No leisure time cycling
 EducationN no cycling vs.
N cycling
ORb(95% CI)N no cycling vs.
N cycling
ORb(95% CI)ORc(95% CI)
 High365 vs. 5351.00 124 vs. 1381.58***(1.20–2.08)1.55**(1.17–2.04)
 Medium157 vs. 1761.36*(1.05–1.76)113 vs. 1431.22(0.91–1.63)0.95(0.68–1.34)
 Low115 vs. 1741.48*(1.08–2.02)109 vs. 1411.62**(1.18–2.24)1.12(0.77–1.63)
  1. * = p < .050, ** = p < .010, *** = p < .001
  2. a Bridging social capital was measured with the question: “How many of your close friends have the same educational level as you have?”. Bridging social capital was coded as ‘1 = bridging’ for those who answered ‘about half’, ‘some’, or ‘none of my friends’, and ‘0 = bonding’ for those who answered ‘all’ or ‘most of my friends’
  3. b Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals regressing the outcomes on the ‘education x capital’-variable and confounders (sex, age, employment status, country of birth, living with partner, children in household, father’s education, mother’s education)
  4. c Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals regressing the outcomes on bridging social capital and confounders, stratified by educational level.- Measures on multiplicative scale regarding daily smoking: OR for education medium* bridging capital = 0.45 (95% CI 0.25–0.80), P = 0.007; OR for education low * bridging capital: = 0.69 (95% CI 0.39–1.22), P = 0.201- Measures on multiplicative scale regarding no sports participation: OR for education medium* bridging capital = 1.05 (95% CI 0.67–1.64), P = 0.833; OR for education low * bridging capital: = 0.86 (95% CI 0.55–1.34), P = 0.499.- Measures on multiplicative scale regarding no leisure time walking: OR for education medium* bridging capital = 0.77 (95% CI 0.38–1.55), P = 0.457; OR for education low * bridging capital: = 1.50 (95% CI 0.79–2.83), P = 0.216.- Measures on multiplicative scale regarding no leisure time cycling: OR for education medium* bridging capital = 0.57 (95% CI 0.37–0.87), P = 0.009; OR for education low * bridging capital: = 0.70 (95% CI 0.44–1.09), P = 0.113