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Table 1 Description of the study sample by migrant status (German Health Update 2014/2015, women age 20 years and above, n = 12,064)

From: Utilization of cervical cancer screening among migrants and non-migrants in Germany: results from a large-scale population survey

 Population groupp-value*
Non-migrantsMigrants from EU countriesMigrants from non-EU countries
N11,081490493 
Age   < 0.01
 20–39 years3346 (30.2%)157 (32.0%)225 (45.6%) 
 40–59 years4501 (40.6%)198 (40.4%)180 (36.5%) 
 60 + years3234 (29.2%)135 (27.6%)88 (17.8%) 
Partnership status   < 0.01
 Partner6239 (56.3%)307 (62.7%)306 (62.1%) 
 No partner4842 (43.7%)183 (37.3%)187 (37.9%) 
Socioeconomic status   < 0.01
 Low1579 (14.2%)74 (15.1%)105 (21.3%) 
 Moderate6622 (59.8%)251 (51.2%)252 (51.1%) 
 High2880 (26.0%)165 (33.7%)136 (27.6%) 
Social support   < 0.01
 Low1709 (15.4%)101 (20.6%)118 (23.9%) 
 Moderate5858 (52.9%)256 (52.2%)269 (54.6%) 
 High3514 (31.7%)133 (27.1%)106 (21.5%) 
Region   < 0.01
 Western Germany8118 (73.3%)436 (89.0%)439 (89.0%) 
 Eastern Germany2963 (26.7%)54 (11.0%)54 (11.0%) 
Type of residential area   < 0.01
 Cities3340 (30.1%)205 (41.8%)225 (45.6%) 
 Medium-sized towns3872 (34.9%)196 (40.0%)201 (40.8%) 
 Small towns1768 (16.0%)54 (11.0%)39 (7.9%) 
 Rural2101 (19.0%)35 (7.1%)28 (5.7%) 
Self-rated health status [1 “very good” to 5 “very poor”], mean (SD)2.2 (0.8)2.1 (0.8)2.2 (0.8)0.04
Presence of chronic diseases   0.07
 No5881 (53.1%)272 (55.5%)285 (57.8%) 
 Yes5200 (46.9%)218 (44.5%)208 (42.2%) 
Utilization of cervical cancer screening   < 0.01
 Yes (at least once in life time)6342 (57.2%)258 (52.7%)247 (50.1%) 
 No4739 (42.8%)232 (47.3%)246 (49.9%) 
  1. * p-value from chi-square test for categorical variables and analysis of variance for continuous variables
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