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Table 4 General associations of perceptions of the neighbourhood environment with walking for leisure across the 3 waves (n = 2260)

From: Longitudinal associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and physical activity in adolescents: evidence from the Olympic Regeneration in East London (ORiEL) study

ExposureUnadjustedAdjustedaGender-interactionb
OR95%CIp-valueOR95%CIp-valuep-value
Perceived bus stop proximityFurther away1.00 0.0501.00 0.0860.760
1–5 min0.88[0.78,1.05] 0.89[0.78,1.02]  
Perceived traffic safetyLow1.00 0.3721.00 0.2980.709
Medium0.90[0.75,1.08] 0.90[0.75,1.09]  
High0.88[0.74,1.05] 0.86[0.71,1.04]  
Perceived street connectivityLow1.00 0.1491.00 0.2670.964
Medium1.15[0.99,1.34] 1.13[0.97,1.32]  
High1.10[0.93,1.31] 1.09[0.91,1.31]  
Enjoyment of neighbourhood for walking/cyclingStrongly/slightly disagree1.00 0.3601.00 0.5340.353
Slightly agree1.02[0.89,1.17] 1.02[0.88,1.18]  
Strongly agree1.10[0.95,1.27] 1.09[0.92,1.29]  
Feeling safe (personal safety)Strongly disagree1.00 0.0681.00 0.0340.881
Slightly disagree1.28[1.03,1.59] 1.28[1.02,1.62]  
Neither agree nor disagree1.09[0.88,1.34] 1.09[0.87,1.36]  
Slightly agree1.24[1.01,1.54] 1.31[1.04,1.65]  
Strongly agree1.11[0.90,1.38] 1.18[0.93,1.49]  
  1. Results are from logistic regression models estimated with Generalised Estimating Equations to account for the dependency across repeated measurements (unstructured working correlation matrix)
  2. a Adjusted for gender, ethnicity, health condition, family affluence, free school meal status at wave 1, time and the other perception variables of the table
  3. b The adjusted model was replicated for each exposure with an additional interaction term between gender and exposure