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Table 2 General associations of perceptions of the neighbourhood environment with walking to school across the 3 waves (n = 2260)

From: Longitudinal associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and physical activity in adolescents: evidence from the Olympic Regeneration in East London (ORiEL) study

Exposure UnadjustedAdjustedaGender-interactionb
OR95%CIp-valueOR95%CIp-valuep-value
Perceived bus stop proximityFurther away1.00 0.1401.00 0.1770.890
1–5 min0.89[0.77,1.04] 0.90[0.78,1.05]  
Perceived traffic safetyLow1.00 0.5051.00 0.3690.501
Medium1.11[0.93,1.33] 1.13[0.94,1.36]  
High1.10[0.92,1.32] 1.14[0.94,1.38]  
Perceived street connectivityLow1.00 0.3031.00 0.2450.863
Medium1.10[0.95,1.27] 1.10[0.95,1.28]  
High1.14[0.96,1.36] 1.16[0.97,1.40]  
Enjoyment of neighbourhood for walking/cyclingStrongly/slightly disagree1.00 0.4461.00 0.1890.456
Slightly agree1.02[0.89,1.18] 1.00[0.86,1.17]  
Strongly agree0.94[0.81,1.09] 0.89[0.75,1.05]  
Feeling safe (personal safety)Strongly disagree1.00 0.7701.00 0.7000.841
Slightly disagree1.14[0.92,1.42] 1.14[0.91,1.42]  
Neither agree nor disagree1.04[0.85,1.27] 1.02[0.83,1.27]  
Slightly agree1.06[0.86,1.31] 1.07[0.85,1.34]  
Strongly agree1.08[0.88,1.34] 1.11[0.89,1.40]  
  1. Results are from logistic regression models estimated with Generalised Estimating Equations to account for the dependency across repeated measurements (unstructured working correlation matrix)
  2. a Adjusted for gender, ethnicity, health condition, family affluence, free school meal status at wave 1, time and the other perception variables of the table
  3. b The adjusted model was replicated for each exposure with an additional interaction term between gender and exposure