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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with TB in Japan

From: Psychological changes and associated factors among patients with tuberculosis who received directly observed treatment short-course in metropolitan areas of Japan: quantitative and qualitative perspectives

 Frequencies or mean (SD)N = 125
% or (range)
Age (years)63.3 (15.8)(22–90)
 Junior high school4737.6
 High school5241.6
 University or higher2318.4
Residence at time of diagnosis
 Own residence9777.6
Household at time of diagnosis
 Living alone6249.6
 Living with family, others6148.8
Occupation at time of diagnosis
 Precarious employment2721.6
 Full-time employment2620.8
Ability to move at time of diagnosis
 Slightly disabled1915.0
Comorbid diseases (multiple answers)
 Cardiovascular disease3326.4
 Mental illness118.8
 Liver disease108.0
Symptom severity
Number of previous TB treatments
DOTS hospitalization duration
 <  1 month1512.0
 1–2 months3427.2
 ≥ 3 months2419.2
 Hospitalized for another disease43.2
 Outpatient only4838.4
DOTS treatment duration
 <  6 months1310.4
 6 months3931.2
 7–11 months2721.6
 >  12 months108.0
 Patient doesn’t know2318.4
DOTS consultation (multiple answers)
 Public health nurse9273.6
 Clinical nurse4737.6
Understanding of TB and DOTS
Appraisals of the efficacy of the DOTS program29.4 (7.0)(5–36)