Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence ratio of HIV infection among MSM compared to men in the general population of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

From: Comparison of the prevalence rates of HIV infection between men who have sex with men (MSM) and men in the general population in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

CountryNEpidemic levelPrevalence Ratio*95% CI
Senegal3184Generalized43.00[25.56–72.34]
Ghana3883Generalized27.15[18.68–40.62]
Burkina Faso6314Generalized18.13[8.97–36.14]
Mali3503Generalized17.13[11.21–26.17]
Cameroon6981Mixed11.54[9.61–13.85]
Togo3987Generalized11.50[8.46–15.62]
Benin3889Mixed7.70[4.80–12.36]
Gambia3450Generalized5.76[3.54–9.38]
Kenya2851Mixed5.34[4.10–6.95]
Angola5144Generalized4.04[2.67–6.10]
Tanzania6865Generalized2.67[2.08–3.44]
Uganda8673Generalized2.25[1.65–3.05]
Lesotho2646Hyper-endemic1.76[1.52–2.04]
Malawi6493Mixed1.53[1.14–2.06]
Namibia3650Hyper-endemic1.14[0.77–1.64]
Botswana3763Hyper-endemic1.00[0.69–1.45]
Swaziland3763Hyper-endemic0.89[0.69–1.16]
Total79,069 4.94**[2.91–8.37]
  1. n = sample size of men by country
  2. * Prevalence ratio of HIV infection among MSM compared with that among men in the general population
  3. ** p < 0.00001, I2 = 98%
  4. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval