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Table 4 Characteristics among participants with or without stigma

From: Knowledge, attitudes, practices about HIV and implications in risk and stigma prevention among French Guianese and Brazilian border inhabitants

Statement (n = 621)No stigma
Frequency
N (row %)
N = 156
Participants with negative beliefs towards PLHIV*
Frequency
N (row %)
N = 465
p value
Sex
 Male63 (25.9)180 (74.1)0.711
 Female93 (24.6)285 (75.4) 
Sexual orientation
 Heterosexual3 (21.4)11 (78.6)0.924
 Homosexual144 (25.3)426 (74.7) 
 Bisexual1 (14.3)6 (85.7) 
 Missing data8 (26.7)22 (73.3) 
Age
 18–2955 (22.4)190 (77.6)0.024
 30–4471 (31.3)156 (68.7) 
  ≥ 4530 (20.1)119 (79.9) 
Native language
 French11 (34.4)21 (65.6)< 0.001
 French Guianese creole5 (7.9)58 (92.1) 
 Portuguese135 (28.2)343 (71.8) 
 Amerindian2 (6.2)30 (93.8) 
 Others3 (18.7)13 (81.3) 
Education level
 Any level to middle school49 (18.1)222 (81.9)< 0.001
 High school to University107 (30.6)243 (69.4) 
Income
 Paid employment36 (35.3)66 (64.7)0.013
 Informal work22 (31.9)47 (68.1) 
 Social allowance30 (18.0)137 (82.0) 
 None53 (22.9)178 (77.1) 
 Others13 (28.3)33 (71.7) 
 Missing data2 (33.3)4 (66.7) 
City of residence of inhabitants
 STG** (French Guiana)52 (20.6)200 (79.4)0.033
 Oiapoque (Brazil)104 (28.2)265 (71.8) 
Prior HIV test n = 601
 Yes133 (27.8)346 (72.2)0.004
 No23 (18.9)99 (81.1) 
Ok to do a HIV test in the future n = 595
 Yes146 (27.6)383 (72.4)< 0.001
 No10 (15.2)56 (84.8) 
Level of HIV knowledge
 Poor67 (23.6)217 (76.4)0.420
 High89 (26.4)248 (73.6) 
HIV risk behaviors
 Low121 (24.5)372 (75.5)0.515
 High35 (27.3)93 (72.7) 
  1. *The level of stigmatization was evaluated via 4 questions on the topics of worklife, family and intimate relationships with PLHIV. Two groups were defined, one group with no stigma (0 discriminate answers) and a second group with one or more negative beliefs towards PLHIV (1 to 4 discriminate answers)
  2. ** STG = Saint-Georges-de l'Oyapock
  3. PLHIV=People living with HIV
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