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Table 3 Socio-demographic correlates of vaccination coverage among children age 12–23 months (2001–2016 Pooled data)

From: The trend of full vaccination coverage in infants and inequalities by wealth quintile and maternal education: analysis from four recent demographic and health surveys in Nepal

 Full vaccination coverage (N = 4330)
Unadjusted OR(95% CI)Adjusted OR(95% CI)
Survey Year
 2001ref.ref.
 20062.5*** (1.7–3.6)2.3*** (1.7–3.3)
 20113.5** (2.3–5.3)3.1*** (2.0–4.6)
 20161.8* (1.4–2.5)1.4 (0.9–1.9)
Place of residence
 Urbanref.ref.
 Rural0.8 (0.6–1.0)1.4 (0.99–1.8)
Ecological region
 Mountainref.ref.
 Hill1.6* (1.1–2.3)1.3 (0.9–2.0)
 Terai1.1 (0.7–1.5)1.2 (0.8–1.8)
Province
 Province 1ref.ref.
 Province 20.5*** (0.3–0.7)0.6** (0.4–0.8)
 Province 31.0 (0.6–1.5)1.0 (0.7–1.6)
 Province 41.4 (0.8–2.3)1.1 (0.7–1.8)
 Province 50.8 (0.6–1.2)0.8 (0.5–1.2)
 Province 60.6 (0.4–1.1)1.1 (0.6–2.0)
 Province 70.8 (0.5–1.2)1.1 (0.7–1.6)
Educational level of mother
 No educationref.ref.
 Primary2.8*** (2.2–3.7)1.7 (0.9–3.1)
 Secondary4.3*** (3.2–5.7)3.4*** (1.7–6.5)
 Higher6.1*** (4.1–8.9)2.4* (1.1–5.9)
Wealth quintile
 Poorestref.ref.
 Poorer1.4* (1.1–1.7)1.6** (1.2–2.0)
 Middle1.4* (1.1–1.8)1.6** (1.2–2.2)
 Richer2.5*** (1.81–3.4)2.4*** (1.7–3.3)
 Richest3.2*** (2.2–4.6)2.2*** (1.4–3.3)
  1. Variables that showed p > 0.1 in bivariate analysis were dropped in multivariate analysis (23),except wealth quintile and place of residence were retained being important variables for our study
  2. ***P < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05; ref. means reference category
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