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Table 6 Risk perception: Perceived seriousness of getting Lyme borreliosis. Regression results using OLS. Dependent variable: perceived seriousness of getting Lyme borreliosis*

From: Who is afraid of ticks and tick-borne diseases? Results from a cross-sectional survey in Scandinavia

VARIABLES[1][2][3][4][5][6]
ScandinaviaScandinaviaScandinaviaDKaNObSEc
Age 18–29−0.005− 0.039−0.018− 0.261−0.1770.134
(0.127)(0.127)(0.127)(0.230)(0.233)(0.201)
Age 45–590.1200.1530.1610.0710.0530.293*
(0.107)(0.106)(0.106)(0.176)(0.200)(0.174)
Age 60–0.323***0.340***0.364***0.299*0.399**0.382**
(0.103)(0.103)(0.104)(0.173)(0.197)(0.172)
Female respondent0.365***0.365***0.360***0.377***0.310**0.385***
(0.080)(0.080)(0.080)(0.134)(0.151)(0.131)
Has attended university−0.265***− 0.187**− 0.185**− 0.316*− 0.147−0.160
(0.088)(0.088)(0.088)(0.162)(0.169)(0.134)
Norway−0.424***− 0.489***− 0.481***   
(0.104)(0.103)(0.103)   
Sweden−1.395***−1.136***−1.095***   
(0.096)(0.115)(0.116)   
General willingness to take risks −0.070***−0.066***− 0.091***− 0.102***− 0.032
 (0.017)(0.017)(0.029)(0.032)(0.030)
Number of correct answers to Borrelia knowledge questions −0.127***−0.101**0.083−0.029− 0.275***
 (0.049)(0.049)(0.078)(0.090)(0.088)
Number of correct answers to TBE knowledge questions −0.227***−0.201***− 0.214**−0.168**− 0.159*
 (0.049)(0.049)(0.085)(0.084)(0.087)
Has had one or more tick bites in lifetime  −0.195**0.079−0.140− 0.419***
  (0.085)(0.134)(0.155)(0.149)
Diagnosed with Lyme borreliosis ever  −0.382**−0.388− 0.399− 0.250
  (0.158)(0.344)(0.383)(0.210)
Constant8.425***9.152***9.162***8.889***8.705***8.252***
(0.128)(0.180)(0.182)(0.290)(0.299)(0.282)
Observations2488248824887317101047
R-squared0.0980.1180.1230.0580.0480.054
  1. Notes: aDenmark; bNorway; cSweden
  2. *The dependent variable is measured on a 0–10 scale where 0 equals ‘not serious as all’ and 10 equals ‘very serious’ in response to the question ‘How serious do you consider it is to get the tick-borne disease Lyme borreliosis?’. Standard errors in parentheses
  3. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1