Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics, medical history and behaviour for those meeting and not meeting the physical activity recommendation

From: Correlates, facilitators and barriers of physical activity among primary care patients with prediabetes in Singapore – a mixed methods approach

CharacteristicDid not meet the recommendation
(n = 148)
Met the recommendation
(n = 285)
P value+
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Sex
  Female84 (56.8)127 (44.6)0.02
  Male64 (43.2)158 (55.4)
 Ethnicity
  Chinese113 (76.4)236 (82.8)0.26
  Malay19 (12.8)31 (10.9)
  Indian13 (8.8)16 (5.6)
  Others3 (2.0)2 (0.7)
 Marital status
  Single26 (17.6)34 (11.9)0.11
  Married122 (82.4)251 (88.1)
 Highest education level
  No formal education11 (7.4)7 (2.5)0.001
  Primary46 (31.1)69 (24.2)
  Secondary65 (43.9)116 (40.7)
  Post-secondary26 (17.6)93 (32.6)
 Housing type*
  1–3 room public housing36 (24.7)45 (15.8)0.05
  4–5 room public housing86 (58.9)174 (61.0)
  Executive flat/private property24 (16.4)66 (23.2)
 Current work status
  Currently working83 (56.1)162 (56.8)0.88
  Not working65 (43.9)123 (43.2)
 Age in years, mean (SD)62.6 (8.9)61.7 (8.3)0.27
Medical history
 Type of prediabetes
  Impaired fasting glycaemia80 (54.1)151 (53.0)0.83
  Impaired glucose tolerance68 (45.9)134 (47.0)
 History of osteoarthritis
  No116 (78.4)255 (89.5)0.002
  Yes32 (21.6)30 (10.5)
 Years with prediabetes, mean (SD)1.9 (2.1)2.1 (2.3)0.28
Behaviour
 Having family members/friends to exercise with
  No134 (90.5)166 (58.2)< 0.001
  Yes14 (9.5)119 (41.8)
 Number of hours spent sitting or reclining daily, mean (SD)*4.7 (3.7)3.9 (2.4)0.006
  1. All figures in the table referred to frequency (column percentage) unless otherwise indicated
  2. * Contained missing numbers (housing type, 2; and number of hours spent sitting or reclining daily, 1)
  3. + The p-values were computed using χ2 test or Fisher Exact test (whichever appropriate) for categorical variables and two-sample t-test for continuous variables