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Table 3 Means, percent change, and p-values for moderators of the PACE label intervention effects

From: Physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) labels in worksite cafeterias: effects on physical activity

OutcomeModeratorPACE-Label GroupCalorie-Label Group 
Y1Y2% changep-valueY1Y2% changep-valueBetter impact
Self-Report
Self-Reported Strength Training (times per week)Income         
Less than $50,0002.051.93-5.90.691.522.0937.50.03Calorie
$50,000-$99,0001.241.7037.10.102.011.74-13.40.23PACE
$100,000 or more1.401.8330.70.132.121.86-12.30.27PACE
Starting PA level         
Low (0 times)0.220.77250.00.020.230.71208.70.01Similar
Mid (0.5-1.5)1.331.5315.00.591.261.16-7.90.79PACE
High (2 or more)3.853.48-9.60.233.843.03-21.10.004PACE
Self-Reported MVPAa (minutes per week)Race         
White, Asian, Other237.6202.9-14.60.09248.0234.7-5.40.38Calorie
African American206.0276.334.10.001227.8205.0-10.00.25PACE
Starting PA level         
Low (<80)31.677.7145.90.0732.473.3126.20.05Similar
Mid (80-233)151.4169.311.80.43141.3152.47.90.60PACE
High (234+)418.4385.6-7.80.19429.2325.5-24.20.0001PACE
Self-Reported Exercise (Minutes per week)Race         
White, Asian, Other112.491.3-18.80.20136.9117.7-14.00.13Calorie
African American101.4158.856.60.001113.2107.3-5.20.71PACE
Starting PA level         
Low (<30)2.432.81266.70.13-4.925.3616.30.10PACE
Mid (30-129)67.7103.352.60.0864.977.519.40.45PACE
High (130+)246.0217.1-11.70.16269.8185.6-31.20.0001PACE
Accelerometer
Steps (per day)Starting PA level         
Low (<4017)342835022.20.803355371910.80.20Calorie
Mid (4017-5559)462550559.30.0947134687-0.60.93PACE
High (5560+)70025950-15.00.0176916708-12.80.0001Similar
Sedentary (Minutes per Day)Income         
Less than $50,0006076192.00.186096090.00.98 
$50,000-$99,000623603-3.20.026186271.50.20PACE
$100,000 or more6176190.30.885885991.90.15PACE
Race         
White, Asian, Other624607-2.70.026096130.70.48PACE
African American6086151.20.276016142.20.08PACE
Starting PA level         
Low (<598)5545682.50.205495805.60.0001PACE
Mid (598-637)616604-1.90.136186210.50.70PACE
High (638+)666658-1.20.26664641-3.50.008Calorie
Moderate and Vigorous (Minutes per Day)Sex         
Male27.230.512.10.2026.029.513.50.17Similar
Female14.614.3-2.10.8416.714.6-12.60.08PACE
Starting PA level         
Low (<10.9)7.510.033.30.267.68.16.60.83PACE
Mid (10.9-20.5)14.716.08.80.5415.515.81.90.87PACE
High (20.6+)32.926.9-18.20.0235.131.6-10.00.05Calorie
Moderate and Vigorous in 10+ minute bouts (Minutes per day)Starting PA level         
Low (<1.9)-0.24.12150.00.040.51.7240.00.53PACE
Mid (1.9-9.6)4.64.96.50.884.75.823.40.59Calorie
High (9.7+)23.015.7-31.70.00223.117.8-22.90.001Calorie
  1. aMinutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity according to self-report (> 150 min/week)