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Table 3 Latent classes of sexual health among men and women

From: Latent class analysis of sexual health markers among men and women participating in a British probability sample survey

Men (n = 5113)Good Sexual Health (n = 4112, 83.1%)Wary Risk-takers (n = 270, 3.8%)Unwary Risk-takers (n = 273, 4.3%)Sexual Function Problems (458, 8.8%)
MarkerProbability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)
STI risk
 STI diagnosis0.03 (0.02–0.03)0.19 (0.14–0.25)0.06 (0.03–0.09)0.08 (0.05–0.11)
 Perceived STI risk0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.87 (0.74–1.00)0.06 (0.02–0.10)0.02 (0.00–0.04)
 Perceived HIV risk0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.63 (0.53–0.74)0.04 (0.01–0.07)0.01 (0.00–0.02)
 No condom (2+ partners)0.02 (0.01–0.02)0.12 (0.05–0.18)1.00 (1.00–1.00)0.06 (0.03–0.09)
 No condom (new partner)0.09 (0.08–0.10)0.44 (0.35–0.54)1.00 (1.00–1.00)0.16 (0.12–0.21)
Sexual coercion
 Non-volitional sex0.01 (0.01–0.01)0.04 (0.00–0.08)0.02 (0.00–0.03)0.04 (0.02–0.06)
 First partner more willing0.04 (0.03–0.05)0.08 (0.04–0.12)0.06 (0.02–0.09)0.06 (0.04–0.09)
Sexual function problems
 Lacked interest in sex0.10 (0.09–0.12)0.14 (0.08–0.21)0.09 (0.05–0.13)0.54 (0.45–0.63)
 Lacked enjoyment in sex0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.09 (0.03–0.14)0.04 (0.00–0.07)0.32 (0.24–0.40)
 Anxious during sex0.02 (0.01–0.02)0.02 (0.00–0.05)0.08 (0.03–0.12)0.35 (0.28–0.43)
 Physical pain from sex0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.03 (0.01–0.06)0.02 (0.00–0.04)0.06 (0.03–0.09)
 Lack of arousal0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.05 (0.01–0.09)0.00 (− 0.01–0.01)0.25 (0.18–0.32)
 Trouble experiencing orgasm0.05 (0.04–0.06)0.10 (0.04–0.15)0.07 (0.03–0.10)0.43 (0.35–0.52)
 Premature orgasm0.13 (0.12–0.14)0.13 (0.07–0.19)0.10 (0.06–0.14)0.33 (0.27–0.39)
 Erectile difficulties0.08 (0.06–0.09)0.09 (0.05–0.13)0.14 (0.08–0.19)0.49 (0.42–0.55)
 Avoided sex0.07 (0.06–0.09)0.12 (0.07–0.18)0.12 (0.06–0.18)0.38 (0.32–0.44)
Women (n = 7019)Good Sexual Health (n = 3675, 52.4%)Wary Risk-takers (n = 143, 2.0%)Unwary Risk-takers (n = 482, 6.9%)Sexual Function Problems (n = 535, 7.6%)Low Interest (n = 2046, 29.1%)Highly Vulnerable (n = 138, 2.0%)
Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)Probability (95% CI)
STI/unplanned pregnancy risk
 Unplanned pregnancy0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.02 (0.00–0.05)0.05 (0.02–0.07)0.01 (0.00–0.01)0.01 (0.00–0.01)0.03 (0.00–0.06)
 Abortion0.02 (0.02–0.03)0.05 (0.00–0.10)0.10 (0.07–0.14)0.03 (0.01–0.04)0.02 (0.01–0.03)0.18 (0.09–0.26)
 STI diagnosis0.03 (0.02–0.03)0.16 (0.09–0.23)0.10 (0.07–0.13)0.03 (0.01–0.05)0.03 (0.02–0.04)0.27 (0.18–0.36)
 Perceived STI risk0.00 (0.00–0.00)0.97 (0.81–1.13)0.04 (0.01–0.08)0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.18 (0.09–0.28)
 Perceived HIV risk0.01 (0.00–0.01)0.71 (0.55–0.88)0.04 (0.00–0.07)0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.01 (0.00–0.02)0.13 (0.05–0.21)
 No condom (2+ partners)0.01 (0.00–0.01)0.13 (0.05–0.21)0.52 (0.39–0.64)0.00 (− 0.01–0.01)0.01 (0.00–0.01)0.44 (0.30–0.59)
 No condom (new partner)0.05 (0.03–0.08)0.39 (0.24–0.53)0.92 (0.79–1.06)0.02 (− 0.01–0.05)0.06 (0.04–0.09)0.74 (0.57–0.90)
Sexual coercion
 Non-volitional sex0.05 (0.03–0.07)0.13 (0.06–0.20)0.14 (0.09–0.18)0.18 (0.13–0.23)0.16 (0.12–0.20)0.32 (0.21–0.43)
 First partner more willing0.11 (0.08–0.14)0.26 (0.17–0.36)0.20 (0.15–0.25)0.21 (0.16–0.26)0.22 (0.18–0.26)0.35 (0.24–0.46)
Sexual function problems
 Lacked interest in sex0.18 (0.14–0.21)0.19 (0.11–0.27)0.20 (0.14–0.26)0.94 (0.89–0.98)0.51 (0.42–0.59)0.57 (0.44–0.71)
 Lacked enjoyment in sex0.01 (−0.01–0.02)0.06 (0.00–0.11)0.02 (− 0.01–0.04)0.84 (0.74–0.93)0.14 (0.08–0.19)0.56 (0.41–0.72)
 Anxious during sex0.00 (0.00–0.01)0.07 (0.01–0.14)0.04 (0.01–0.07)0.28 (0.22–0.34)0.07 (0.04–0.10)0.28 (0.18–0.39)
 Physical pain from sex0.00 (−0.01–0.01)0.00 (0.00–0.00)0.04 (0.01–0.06)0.34 (0.27–0.42)0.13 (0.08–0.18)0.25 (0.16–0.34)
 Lack of arousal0.00 (−0.01–0.01)0.05 (0.01–0.09)0.01 (− 0.01–0.03)0.67 (0.58–0.77)0.07 (0.03–0.10)0.47 (0.32–0.61)
 Trouble experiencing orgasm0.06 (0.04–0.08)0.10 (0.03–0.17)0.10 (0.06–0.15)0.69 (0.60–0.78)0.19 (0.14–0.24)0.75 (0.64–0.87)
 Premature orgasm0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.01 (− 0.01–0.02)0.03 (0.01–0.05)0.04 (0.02–0.07)0.03 (0.02–0.04)0.09 (0.02–0.17)
 Uncomfortably dry vagina0.04 (0.03–0.06)0.02 (0.00–0.05)0.03 (0.00–0.06)0.42 (0.35–0.49)0.20 (0.14–0.27)0.37 (0.26–0.48)
 Avoided sex0.00 (−0.02–0.02)0.10 (0.04–0.16)0.08 (0.04–0.12)0.48 (0.41–0.56)0.28 (0.20–0.36)0.35 (0.23–0.47)
  1. Figures show estimated probability and associated confidence intervals for markers of poor sexual health. Figures in bold show probabilities ≥ .25, an arbitrary threshold selected to highlight differences between classes