Skip to main content

Table 4 Frequency of ACEs forms and gender with depression development

From: Adverse childhood experiences and their relationship to gender and depression among young adults in Iraq: a cross-sectional study

 Gender
MalesFemales
Non depressedDepressionP*Non depressedDepressionP*
n (%)n (%) n (%)n (%) 
Emotional Abuse
 no100 (93.5)42 (87.5).216154 (96.9)78 (91.8).080
 yes7 (6.5)6 (12.5) 5 (3.1)7 (8.2) 
Physical Abuse
 no86 (79.6)31 (64.6).045*143 (89.4)72 (84.7).289
 yes22 (20.4)17 (35.4) 17 (10.6)13 (15.3) 
Sexual Abuse
 no99 (92.5)37 (77.1).007152 (95.6)81 (95.3).913
 yes8 (7.5)11 (22.9) 7 (4.4)4 (4.7) 
Emotional Neglect
 no89 (84)36 (77)0.277139 (88)55 (65.5)<0.001*
 yes17 (16)11 (23) 19 (12)29 (34.5) 
Physical Neglect
 no90 (84.1)33 (70).048*132 (84.6)61 (72.6).026*
 yes17 (15.9)14 (30) 24 (15.4)23 (27.4) 
Exposure to domestic violence
 no91 (84.3)35 (72.9).097133 (84.2)74 (87.1).546
 yes17 (15.7)13 (27.1) 25 (15.8)11 (12.9) 
Mental illness in household
 no98 (90.7)40 (83.3).181155 (96.9)75 (88.2).007*
 yes10 (9.3)8 (16.7) 5 (3.1)10 (11.8) 
  1. *P for chi square, and significant at level <0.05