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Table 3 The association between ACEs and depression

From: Adverse childhood experiences and their relationship to gender and depression among young adults in Iraq: a cross-sectional study

ACEsDepression category
Non-depressedDepressedP*OR95% CI
n (%)n (%)
Emotional Abuse
 no**254 (95.5)120 (90.2)0.0412.2931.01-5.17
 yes12 (4.5)13 (9.8)   
Emotional Neglect
 no228 (86.4)91 (69.5)0.0012.7841.66-4.64
 yes36 (13.6)40 (30.5)   
Physical Abuse
 no229 (85.4)103 (77.4)0.0461.711.00-2.90
 yes39 (14.5)30 (22.6)   
Physical Neglect
 no222 (84.4)94 (71.8)0.0032.1311.28-3.53
 yes41 (15.6)37 (28.2)   
Sexual Abuse
 no251 (94.4)118 (88.7)0.0442.1271.00-4.49
 yes15 (5.6)15 (11.3)   
Exposure to domestic violence
 no224 (84.2)109 (82)0.5681.1470.67-2.03
 yes42 (15.8)24 (18)   
Substance Abuse household
 no262 (97.8)126 (94.7)0.1072.4260.79-7.36
 yes6 (2.2)7 (5.3)   
Mental illness in household
 no253 (94.4)115 (86.5)0.0062.641.28-5.42
 yes15 (5.6)18 (13.5)   
ACEs score
 0142(46.6)50 (38.8)<0.001  
 148(19.1)21 (16.3)   
 236(14.3)30(23.3)   
 38(3.2)15 (11.6)   
 4+17(6.8)13 (10.1)   
  1. *P for chi square
  2. ** (no) is the reference category
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