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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, cardiometabolic and other risk factors characteristics, by sex, HAALSI participants, Agincourt, 2014–2015 (n = 5059)

From: Cognitive function and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in rural South Africa: baseline evidence from the HAALSI study

  Male
n = 2345
Female
n = 2714
Total
n = 5059
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age
 40–49 418 (17.8) 500 (18.4) 918 (18.1)
 50–59 624 (26.6) 786 (29.0) 1410 (27.9)
 60–69 643 (27.4) 661 (24.4) 1304 (25.8)
 70–79 446 (19.0) 432 (15.9) 878 (17.4)
 80+ 214 (9.1) 335 (12.3) 549 (10.9)
Nationality
 South Africa 1663 (70.9) 1865 (68.8) 3528 (69.8)
 Mozambique/other 682 (29.1) 844 (31.2) 1526 (30.2)
 Missing 0   5   5  
Marital status
 Never married 166 (7.1) 124 (4.6) 290 (5.7)
 Separated / divorced 300 (12.8) 350 (12.9) 650 (12.9)
 Widowed 276 (11.8) 1264 (46.6) 1540 (30.5)
 Currently married 1602 (68.3) 973 (35.9) 2575 (50.9)
 Missing 1   3   4  
Employment status
 Employed (part or full time) 443 (18.9) 362 (13.4) 805 (16.0)
 Not working 1709 (73.1) 2010 (74.3) 3719 (73.7)
 Homemaker 186 (8.0) 335 (12.4) 521 (10.3)
 Missing 7   7   14  
Education
 No formal education 957 (40.9) 1349 (49.9) 2306 (45.7)
 Some primary 833 (35.6) 883 (32.7) 1716 (34.0)
 Some secondary 314 (13.4) 260 (9.6) 574 (11.4)
 Secondary or more 234 (10.0) 212 (7.8) 446 (8.8)
 Missing 7   10   17  
Wealth asset index quintiles
 1st (lowest) 502 (21.4) 544 (20.0) 1046 (20.7)
 2nd 455 (19.4) 546 (20.1) 1001 (19.8)
 3rd 450 (19.2) 541 (19.9) 991 (19.6)
 4th 457 (19.5) 550 (20.3) 1007 (19.9)
 5th (highest) 481 (20.5) 533 (19.6) 1014 (20.0)
Obesitya
 No 1818 (84.2) 1487 (58.8) 3305 (70.5)
 Yes 341 (15.8) 1043 (41.2) 1384 (29.5)
 Missing 186   184   370  
Hypertensionb
 No 1033 (45.5) 1019 (38.3) 2052 (41.6)
 Yes 1239 (54.5) 1645 (61.7) 2884 (58.4)
 Missing 73   50   123  
Dyslipidemiac
 No 1058 (55.1) 1332 (57.1) 2390 (56.2)
 Yes 861 (44.9) 1000 (42.9) 1861 (43.8)
 Missing 426   382   808  
Diabetesd
 No 1933 (90.3) 2220 (88.5) 4153 (89.4)
 Yes 207 (9.7) 288 (11.5) 495 (10.6)
 Missing 205   206   411  
HIV and ART status
 Negative 1614 (77.3) 1898 (77.2) 3512 (77.2)
 Positive no ART 159 (7.6) 214 (8.7) 373 (8.2)
 Positive on ART 316 (15.1) 346 (14.1) 662 (14.6)
 Missing 256   256   512  
Alcohol frequency
 Does not currently drink 1431 (61.1) 2454 (90.5) 3885 (76.9)
 Drinks less than daily 660 (28.2) 206 (7.6) 866 (17.1)
 Drinks 5–6 days per week or daily 251 (10.7) 53 (2.0) 304 (6.0)
 Missing 3   1   4  
Smoking status
 Never 1305 (55.7) 2668 (98.3) 3973 (78.6)
 Former 586 (25.0) 35 (1.3) 621 (12.3)
 Current 450 (19.2) 10 (0.4) 460 (9.1)
 Missing 4   1   5  
CES-D score
 0 761 (33.4) 869 (32.8) 1630 (33.1)
 1 to 2 1170 (51.3) 1292 (48.8) 2462 (49.9)
 3 to 8 349 (15.3) 488 (18.4) 837 (17.0)
 Missing 65   65   130  
Stroke
 No 2280 (97.3) 2627 (96.9) 4907 (97.1)
 Yes 64 (2.7) 85 (3.1) 149 (2.9)
 Missing 1   2   3  
  1. aBMI ≥ 30
  2. bSBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHG or self-reported on treatment
  3. cTotal cholesterol ≥ 6.21 mmol/L or HDL < 1.19 mmol/L or LDL > 4.1 mmol/L or self-reported on treatment
  4. dElevated random glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L or self-reported on treatment