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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, cardiometabolic and other risk factors characteristics, by sex, HAALSI participants, Agincourt, 2014–2015 (n = 5059)

From: Cognitive function and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in rural South Africa: baseline evidence from the HAALSI study

 Male
n = 2345
Female
n = 2714
Total
n = 5059
N(%)N(%)N(%)
Age
 40–49418(17.8)500(18.4)918(18.1)
 50–59624(26.6)786(29.0)1410(27.9)
 60–69643(27.4)661(24.4)1304(25.8)
 70–79446(19.0)432(15.9)878(17.4)
 80+214(9.1)335(12.3)549(10.9)
Nationality
 South Africa1663(70.9)1865(68.8)3528(69.8)
 Mozambique/other682(29.1)844(31.2)1526(30.2)
 Missing0 5 5 
Marital status
 Never married166(7.1)124(4.6)290(5.7)
 Separated / divorced300(12.8)350(12.9)650(12.9)
 Widowed276(11.8)1264(46.6)1540(30.5)
 Currently married1602(68.3)973(35.9)2575(50.9)
 Missing1 3 4 
Employment status
 Employed (part or full time)443(18.9)362(13.4)805(16.0)
 Not working1709(73.1)2010(74.3)3719(73.7)
 Homemaker186(8.0)335(12.4)521(10.3)
 Missing7 7 14 
Education
 No formal education957(40.9)1349(49.9)2306(45.7)
 Some primary833(35.6)883(32.7)1716(34.0)
 Some secondary314(13.4)260(9.6)574(11.4)
 Secondary or more234(10.0)212(7.8)446(8.8)
 Missing7 10 17 
Wealth asset index quintiles
 1st (lowest)502(21.4)544(20.0)1046(20.7)
 2nd455(19.4)546(20.1)1001(19.8)
 3rd450(19.2)541(19.9)991(19.6)
 4th457(19.5)550(20.3)1007(19.9)
 5th (highest)481(20.5)533(19.6)1014(20.0)
Obesitya
 No1818(84.2)1487(58.8)3305(70.5)
 Yes341(15.8)1043(41.2)1384(29.5)
 Missing186 184 370 
Hypertensionb
 No1033(45.5)1019(38.3)2052(41.6)
 Yes1239(54.5)1645(61.7)2884(58.4)
 Missing73 50 123 
Dyslipidemiac
 No1058(55.1)1332(57.1)2390(56.2)
 Yes861(44.9)1000(42.9)1861(43.8)
 Missing426 382 808 
Diabetesd
 No1933(90.3)2220(88.5)4153(89.4)
 Yes207(9.7)288(11.5)495(10.6)
 Missing205 206 411 
HIV and ART status
 Negative1614(77.3)1898(77.2)3512(77.2)
 Positive no ART159(7.6)214(8.7)373(8.2)
 Positive on ART316(15.1)346(14.1)662(14.6)
 Missing256 256 512 
Alcohol frequency
 Does not currently drink1431(61.1)2454(90.5)3885(76.9)
 Drinks less than daily660(28.2)206(7.6)866(17.1)
 Drinks 5–6 days per week or daily251(10.7)53(2.0)304(6.0)
 Missing3 1 4 
Smoking status
 Never1305(55.7)2668(98.3)3973(78.6)
 Former586(25.0)35(1.3)621(12.3)
 Current450(19.2)10(0.4)460(9.1)
 Missing4 1 5 
CES-D score
 0761(33.4)869(32.8)1630(33.1)
 1 to 21170(51.3)1292(48.8)2462(49.9)
 3 to 8349(15.3)488(18.4)837(17.0)
 Missing65 65 130 
Stroke
 No2280(97.3)2627(96.9)4907(97.1)
 Yes64(2.7)85(3.1)149(2.9)
 Missing1 2 3 
  1. aBMI ≥ 30
  2. bSBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHG or self-reported on treatment
  3. cTotal cholesterol ≥ 6.21 mmol/L or HDL < 1.19 mmol/L or LDL > 4.1 mmol/L or self-reported on treatment
  4. dElevated random glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L or self-reported on treatment