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Table 4 Within Group Differences among Simple Suppers Intervention Child Participants (4- to 10-Years Old) in Food Preparation Skills according to Age Group at Baseline (T0), Post-Intervention (T1), and Follow-Up (T2)

From: Child diet and health outcomes of the simple suppers program: a 10-week, 2-group quasi-experimental family meals trial

Food Preparation SkillsT0Δ T0 to T1P-valuebΔ T1 to T2P-valuebΔ T0 to T2P-valueb
4–5 year olda, mean (SD)
 Set dinner table2.93 (1.0)0.71 (0.6)0.040.07 (0.8)0.340.78 (0.9)0.04
 Wipe table3.21 (0.6)−0.15 (0.7)0.580.17 (0.5)0.500.32 (0.7)0.30
 Peel soft foods3.14 (0.8)0.57 (0.8)0.010.05 (0.6)0.590.62 (0.6)0.02
 Measure dry ingredients2.29 (0.9)1.00 (0.7)0.01−0.05 (0.7)0.790.95 (0.9)< 0.01
 Measure liquid ingredients2.31 (0.9)0.92 (0.7)0.020.24 (0.8)0.191.16 (0.7)< 0.001
 Cut soft foods2.54 (1.0)0.84 (1.1)0.010.09 (0.6)0.990.93 (0.6)0.02
 Grease or spray pan2.43 (1.0)0.71 (0.9)0.030.68 (0.7)0.011.39 (0.6)< 0.001
 Wash hands3.14 (0.7)0.22 (0.6)0.570.17 (1.0)0.520.39 (0.8)0.02
6–8 year olda, mean (SD)
 Set dinner table2.82 (1.1)0.64 (0.9)0.040.30 (0.8)0.100.94 (1.0)0.04
 Pour beverages3.30 (0.7)0.59 (0.4)< 0.001−0.10 (0.3)0.670.49 (0.5)0.02
 Measure dry ingredients2.68 (1.0)0.84 (1.1)< 0.01−0.04 (0.5)0.260.88 (0.7)0.01
 Measure liquid foods2.68 (1.0)0.92 (0.8)< 0.001−0.04 (0.7)0.720.88 (0.9)< 0.001
 Crack eggs2.64 (1.0)1.00 (0.9)< 0.001−0.16 (0.4)0.750.84 (0.6)< 0.001
 Grate cheese2.14 (1.2)1.05 (1.0)< 0.010.06 (0.8)0.061.11 (1.0)< 0.001
 Cut soft foods2.96 (1.0)0.65 (0.8)< 0.0010.11 (0.4)0.670.76 (0.9)< 0.01
 Wash hands3.21 (0.7)0.66 (0.6)< 0.001−0.23 (0.6)0.510.43 (0.6)0.58
9–10 year olda, mean (SD)
 Follow a recipe2.33 (1.4)0.67 (1.1)0.14−0.09 (1.0)0.990.58 (1.0)0.39
 Crack eggs3.44 (0.7)0.12 (0.5)0.59−0.06 (0.6)0.980.06 (0.5)0.34
 Core and slice apple2.22 (1.0)0.88 (0.8)0.120.09 (0.6)0.620.98 (0.7)0.05
 Grate cheese2.38 (1.1)0.87 (0.9)0.06−0.03 (0.8)0.620.84 (0.9)0.02
 Peel potatoes/other vegetable2.33 (1.0)0.89 (0.6)0.07−0.02 (0.9)0.990.87 (0.8)0.05
 Cut chicken w/ knife/scissors2.75 (0.9)0.50 (0.8)0.23−0.52 (0.7)0.37−0.02 (0.8)0.34
 Use a food thermometer2.29 (1.1)1.14 (0.5)0.07−0.43 (0.8)0.980.71 (1.0)0.02
 Wash hands3.11 (0.6)0.45 (0.6)0.10−0.01 (0.4)0.360.44 (0.7)0.68
  1. aThe stem statement was: “When we prepare food at home, my child is able to …”. Questions were situated on a 4-point scale (1 = Strongly Disagree (1 pt); 4 = Strongly Agree (4 pt)). A sum score was calculated (1–4)
  2. bDifferences examined using paired t-test
  3. All p-values that are signicant (<0.05) are bolded.