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Table 2 Responses to questions related to knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation to antibiotics use

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to antibiotic use among community members of the Rupandehi District in Nepal

VariablesKnowledge levelAttitudes levelPractices level
Less n (%)Better n (%)X2 (p = value)Less appropriate n (%)More appropriate n (%)X2 (p = value)Poor n (%)Better n (%)X2 (p = value)
Gender
 Male55 (54.5)46 (45.5)0.010 (p = 0.920)61 (60.4)40 (39.6)3.473 (p = 0.062)76 (75.2)25 (24.8)5.984 (p = 0.014)
 Female64 (53.8)55 (46.2)86 (72.3)33 (27.7)71 (59.7)48 (40.3)
Area of Residence
 Urban33 (37.5)55 (62.5)16.257 (p = < 0.001)51 (58.0)37 (42.0)5.197 (p = 0.023)46 (52.3)42 (47.7)13.996 (p = < 0.001)
 Rural86 (65.2)46 (34.8)96 (72.7)36 (27.3)101 (76.5)31 (23.5)
Age Group (Yr.)
 15–2413 (52.0)12 (48.0)30.696 (p = < 0.001)17 (68.0)8 (32.0)8.499 (p = 0.075)10 (40.0)15 (60.0)17.921 (p = 0.001)
 25–3415 (30.0)35 (70.0)25 (50.0)25 (50.0)29 (58.0)21 (42.0)
 35–4440 (49.4)41 (50.6)58 (71.6)23 (28.4)55 (67.9)26 (32.1)
 45–5428 (73.7)10 (26.3)28 (73.7)10 (26.3)30 (78.9)8 (21.1)
 55+23 (88.5)3 (11.5)19 (73.1)7 (26.9)23 (88.5)3 (11.5)
Education Level
 General literate36 (94.7)2 (5.3)72.264 (p = < 0.001)33 (86.8)5 (13.2)27.306 (p = < 0.001)31 (81.6)7 (18.4)42.452 (p = < 0.001)
 Primary/Secondary School51 (73.9)18 (26.1)53 (76.8)16 (23.2)55 (79.7)14 (20.3)
 High School/Intermediate25 (37.9)41 (62.1)43 (65.2)23 (34.8)48 (72.7)18 (27.3)
 Bachelors and above7 (14.9)40 (85.1)18 (38.3)29 (61.7)13 (27.7)34 (72.3)
Income Level - Quartile (NPR)
 First (30,000 or less)36 (60.0)24 40.0)1.884 (p = 0.597)44 (73.3)16 (26.7)1.512 (p = 0.680)38 (63.3)22 (36.7)1.197 (p = 0.754)
 Second (30,001 to 40,000)24 (52.2)22 (47.8)30 (65.2)16 (34.8)29 (63.0)17 (37.0)
 Third (40,001 to 53,500)26 (50.0)26 (50.0)33 (63.5)19 (36.5)37 (71.2)15 (28.8)
 Fourth (53,501 and above)25 (48.1)27 (51.9)34 (65.4)18 (34.6)36 (69.2)16 (30.8)
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