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Table 2 Determinants of hookah consumption among women in Bandar Abbas

From: Explaining the determinants of hookah consumption among women in southern Iran: a qualitative study

Perceived needsPhysical and mental dependence
Gestational aversion
Climate related desire
AssertivenessInternal gap
Family factorsFamily legacy
Strict supervision
Single parenting
Institutional dispositionTobacco cessation counseling
Hookah entrepreneurship
Social perceptionPerceived restrictions
Seasonal economy
Cultural normality
Power relationsInfluence of beneficiaries
Agility of tobacco industry
Conspiracy beliefs
Non-participatory policy making
Agenda setting