Skip to main content

Table 3 Predictors of Carlson comorbidity index among respondents aged 20 years and above, NHANES 2013–2014a (n = 4386)

From: Niacin, lutein and zeaxanthin and physical activity have an impact on Charlson comorbidity index using zero-inflated negative binomial regression model: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2014

 Count partLogit part
VariableRR (95% CI)p-ValueOR (95% CI)p-Value
Protein (kg)0.171 (0.01,3.03)0.21136.039 (0.27,4817.45)0.140
Carbohydrate (kg)0.462 (0.19,1.11)0.0790.562 (0.10,3.11)0.484
Dietary fiber (gm)0.00013 (6.19e-9,2.65)0.0740.010 (2.92e-10,510,936.20)0.600
Total fat (kg)0.223 (0.03,1.66)0.1320.167 (0.0023,12.03)0.386
Vitamin A (mg)0.934 (0.76,1.14)0.4791.059 (0.79,1.41)0.677
Thiamin (Vitamin B1) (gm)0.820 (0.42,1.60)0.5380.089 (< 0.01,169.97)0.506
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) (gm)25.700 (0.01,46,630.03)0.37125.482 (< 0.01,150,994.70)0.439
Niacin (gm)1.621 (1.11,2.37)0.0160.445 (0.08,2.54)0.337
Vitamin B6 (gm)15.134 (0.24,958.15)0.1833.590 (< 0.01,58,454.27)0.783
Folate (mg)1.085 (0.94,1.25)0.2401.021 (0.74,1.41)0.890
Vitamin B12 (mg)0.988 (0.90,1.08)0.7860.925 (0.75,1.14)0.437
Vitamin C (gm)1.111 (0.93,1.33)0.2390.860 (0.55,1,34)0.479
Vitamin K (mg)1.007 (0.99,1.02)0.2310.929 (0.85,1.02)0.106
Vitamin D (D2 + D3) (mg)2.242 (0.72,7.01)0.1520.383 (0.01,16.37)0.594
Vitamin E (mg)0.998 (< 0.01,14,191.52)0.7643897.15 (< 0.01,173,249,744,453.59)0.333
Calcium (gm)1.072 (0.97,1.19)0.1701.206 (0.99,1.47)0.065
Phosphorus (gm)0.933 (0.77,1.13)0.4481.274 (0.93,1.74)0.118
Magnesium (gm)1.004 (0.67,1.49)0.9841.374 (0.73,2.59)0.303
Iron (gm)2.711 (0.07,100.16)0.5650.332 (< 0.01,4216.24)0.807
Zinc (gm)7.067 (0.09,529.69)0.3503.406 (< 0.01,3,953,057.94)0.854
Copper (mg)1.018 (1.10e-15,1.69e+ 30)0.4821.042 (2.37e-43,3.66e+ 78)0.537
Sodium (gm)0.959 (0.91,1.01)0.1231.049 (0.93,1.18)0.419
Potassium (gm)0.924 (0.83,1.03)0.1571.045 (0.93,1.17)0.432
Selenium (mg)0.862 (0.47,1.59)0.6124.182 (0.30,59.44)0.268
Water (kg)0.983 (0.93,1.04)0.5591.052 (0.96,1.16)0.273
Cholesterol (gm)0.994 (0.67,1.47)0.9731.527 (0.52,4.48)0.415
Lycopene (mg)0.992 (0.98,1.00)0.1401.008 (0.99,1.03)0.479
Lutein+zeaxanthin (mg)0.974 (0.95,0.99)0.0310.972 (0.90,1.06)0.477
Alpha-carotene (mg)0.945 (0.85,1.05)0.2530.879 (0.62,1.25)0.450
Beta-carotene (mg)0.987 (0.955,1.02)0.4110.992 (0.94,1.05)0.785
Beta-cryptoxanthin (mg)0.863 (0.71,1.05)0.1330.602 (0.25,1.46)0.240
Total choline (gm)0.828 (0.50,1.38)0.4421.639 (0.61,4.43)0.306
Hours sedentary activity1.035 (1.01,1.06)0.0051.001 (0.96,1.05)0.948
Vigorous work activity
 YesReference Reference 
 No1.275 (1.01,1.62)0.0451.501 (0.98,2.30)0.060
Moderate work activity
 YesReference Reference 
 No0.984 (0.87,1.12)0.7880.842 (0.52,1.36)0.457
Vigorous recreational activity
 YesReference Reference 
 No0.977 (0.78,1.22)0.8280.541 (0.37,0.79)0.004
Moderate recreational activity
 YesReference Reference 
 No1.030 (0.89,1.20)0.6800.708 (0.54,0.93)0.017
  1. aAll data are weighted to be nationally representative