Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Linear Regression of serum cholesterol parameters on pubertal stage among girls adjusted for age and behavioral determinants (n = 5878)

From: Age, maturation and serum lipid parameters: findings from the German Health Survey for Children and Adolescents

  TC [mg/dL]HDL-C [mg/dL]Non-HDL-C [mg/dL]
Model 1: unadjustedR20.01< 0.01>0.01
 Early/mid-pubertyβ (S.E.)−1.3 (1.5)−2.3(0.7) **−3.6 (1.5)
 Mature/advanced pubertyβ (S.E.)−4.6 (0.9) ***2.5 (0.4) ***−7.1 (0.9) ***
Model 2: adj. For ageR20.020.080.02
 Early/mid-pubertyβ (S.E.)−7.3 (1.7) ***−4.5 (0.8) ***−2.8 (1.8)
 Mature/advanced pubertyβ (S.E.)−10.2 (2.0) ***−4.9 (0.8) ***−5.2 (1.9) *
 Ageβ (S.E.)−0.3 (0.4)0.2 (0.2)−2.8 (1.9)
 Age (squared)β (S.E.)−0.1 (0.0)***−0.1 (0.0)***−5.2 (1.9)
Model 3: adj. For age, BMIR20.020.110.03
 Early/mid-pubertyβ (S.E.)−7.4 (1.7) ***−4.3 (0.8) ***−3.2 (1.8)
 Mature/advanced pubertyβ (S.E.)−10.7 (2.0) ***−3.9 (0.8) ***−6.8 (1.9) **
 Ageβ (S.E.)−0.2 (0.4)0.0 (0.2)−0.2 (0.4)
 Age (squared)β (S.E.)−0.1 (0.0)−0.1 (0.0)***0.0 (0.0)
 BMIβ (S.E.)1.2 (0.5)*−2.2 (0.2)***3.4 (0.5)***
Model 4: adj. For age, BMI and behavioral determinantsR20.020.110.03
 Early/mid-pubertyβ (S.E.)−7.6 (1.7) ***−4.4 (0.8) ***−3.2 (1.8)
 Mature/advanced pubertyβ (S.E.)−10.9 (2.0) ***−3.9 (0.8) ***−7.0 (2.0) **
 Ageβ (S.E.)−0.1 (0.4)0.0 (0.2)−0.2 (0.4)
 Age (squared)β (S.E.)−0.1 (0.0)**−0.1 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)
 BMIβ (S.E.)1.2 (0.5)*−2.2 (0.2)***3.4 (0.5)***
 Smoking (yes vs. no)β (S.E.)−2.9 (2.0)−2.3 (0.9)*−0.6 (2.1)
 Healthy food diversity indexβ (S.E.)5.2 (2.8)1.2 (1.5)4.0 (2.6)
 Low physical activityβ (S.E.)1.0 (1.0)−0.4 (0.5)1.4 (1.0)
 Middle physical activityβ (S.E.)1.1 (1.0)−0.5 (0.5)1.6 (1.0)
  1. Model 2: adjusted for age (centred and squared)
  2. Model 3: adjusted for age (centred and squared) and BMI (kg/m2, z-score)
  3. Model 4: adjusted for age (centred and squared), BMI (kg/m2, z-score), smoking, healthy food diversity index and physical activity
  4. β Regression coefficient, S.E. Standard error, R2 proportion of variance explained by the model, Reference = prepubescent stage
  5. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001, ***p < 0.0001