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Table 5 Dietary and behavioural factors associated with child obesity (bivariate) (N = 285)

From: Childhood obesity in urban Ghana: evidence from a cross-sectional survey of in-school children aged 5–16 years

VariableNot ObeseObeseX2p-value
Sports activity per week4.74630.029*
  < 3 days52 (68.6)55 (31.4)  
  > 3 days110 (81.8)68 (18.2)  
Where breakfast is obtained1.3520.509
 Home95 (74.3)80 (25.7)  
 Outside of home52 (71.9)32 (18.1)  
 No breakfast15 (77.7)11 (22.3)  
Regularity of eating fruits¥3.1390.208
 Everyday42 (78.3)30 (21.7)  
 Sometimes107 (74.6)89 (25.4)  
 Hardly or never13 (76.5)4 (23.5)  
Regularity of eating junk foods¥3.0420.219
 Never8 (92.7)3 (7.3)  
 Monthly73 (80.8)47 (19.2)  
 Weekly81 (72.6)73 (27.4)  
Regularity of fizzy drinks intake11.1500.004*
 Hardly or never37 (97.1)11 (2.9)  
 Some days80 (70.0)80 (30.0)  
 Most days45 (58.4)32 (41.6)  
Television exposure5.0090.082
 Never10 (86.7)5 (13.3)  
 Some days53 (68.6)56 (31.4)  
 Everyday99 (61.5)62 (38.5)  
Sleep hours per day14.3690.001*
 Less than 5 h17 (57.8)28 (42.2)  
 5–8 h34 (67.9)37 (32.1)  
 8+ h111 (85.7)58 (14.3)  
  1. ¥Fisher’s exact test; *p < 0.05