Skip to main content

Table 4 Socio-demographic factors associated with child obesity (bivariate) (N = 285)

From: Childhood obesity in urban Ghana: evidence from a cross-sectional survey of in-school children aged 5–16 years

VariableNot Obese n(%)Obese n(%)X2p-value
Type of School0.7620.383
 Private69 (73.2)25 (26.8)  
 Public150 (78.6)41 (21.4)  
Sex of child1.9590.162
 Male114 (81.0)26 (19.0)  
 Female105 (72.8)39 (27.2)  
Age of child (years)10.7830.004*
 5–10105 (86.9)16 (13.1)  
 11–16114 (69.4)50 (30.6)  
Religion¥2.3060.270
 Christianity202 (75.8)65 (24.2)  
 Islam14 (85.0)2 (15.0)  
 Traditionalist1 (50.0)1 (50.0)  
Number of siblings¥1.5740.783
 None0 (0.0)1 (100.0)  
 1–4146 (76.5)45 (23.5)  
 5–1067 (77.5)20 (22.5)  
 11+5 (86.7)1 (13.3)  
Mother’s education6.8670.076
 No education36 (91.8)3 (8.2)  
 Basic education80 (72.7)30 (27.3)  
 Secondary education46 (83.6)9 (16.4)  
 Tertiary education56 (70.0)24 (30.0)  
Father’s education¥14.5370.002*
 No education33 (98.4)1 (1.6)  
 Basic education64 (67.9)30 (32.1)  
 Secondary education60 (86.7)9 (13.3)  
 Tertiary education62 (70.0)26 (30.0)  
Mother’s occupation0.1680.919
 Self-employed178 (77.4)52 (22.6)  
 Public sector employee21 (73.6)7 (26.4)  
 Private sector employee20 (75.6)7 (24.4)  
Father’s occupation1.2140.545
 Self-employed145 (78.7)39 (21.3)  
 Public sector employee30 (77.9)8 (22.1)  
 Private sector employee45 (70.8)18 (29.2)  
  1. ¥Fisher’s exact test; *p < 0.05