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Table 2 Anthropometric Measures and Pubertal Status by Sex

From: Nutritional status among young adolescents attending primary school in Tanzania: contributions of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for adolescent assessment

VariableTotal
n = 154
Males
n = 62
Females
n = 92
p-value
Mean Height (range)a151.6 cm (130, 170.9)149.5 cm (130, 170.9)153.1 (134.4, 169.4)0.014
Mean Weight (range)42.2 kg (25, 72)39.1 kg (26, 58.9)44.2 kg (25, 72)0.000
Mean BMI (range)18.3 (12.8, 31.2)17.4 (13.5, 30.3)18.8 (12.8, 31.2)0.002
Mean MUAC (range)22.3 cm (16.5, 33)21.4 cm (18, 33)23.0 cm (16.5, 31.6)0.000
   % (n)  
Pubertal Status   0.742
 Started puberty52.6 (81)54.8 (34)51.1 (47) 
 Not started puberty47.4 (73)45.16 (28)48.9 (45) 
Height-for-age z-score categorized (sex specific)   0.000
 Not Stunted (≥ −2 SD)85.7 (132)69.3 (43)96.7 (89) 
 Stunted (<−2 SD)14.2 (22)30.6 (19)3.2 (3) 
BMI-for-age z-scores categorized (sex specific)   0.047
 obese (>2SD)1.3 (3)1.6 (1)1.1 (1) 
 overweight (> 1SD)11.0 (17)3.2 (2)16.3 (15) 
 normal (1 - -2 SD)74.7 (115)77.4 (48)72.8 (67) 
 thinness (<−2 SD)10.4 (16)14.5 (9)7.6 (7) 
 severe thinness (<−3 SD)2.6 (4)3.2 (2)2.1 (2) 
MUAC-for-age z-scores categorized (Mramba et al.)   0.004
 z > −288.2 (135)80.6 (50)93.4 (85) 
 -2 < z > − 310.5 (16)19.3 (12)4.4 (4) 
 z < −31.31 (2)0.0 (0)2.2 (0) 
MUAC categorizeda,b (not delineated by sex, age adjusted) Per NACS guidelines   0.002
 Normal87.0 (134)77.4 (48)94.5 (86) 
 Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM)12.3 (19)22.6 (14)5.5 (5) 
  1. an = 153
  2. b0% had severe acute malnutrition (SAM)