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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study sample (n = 154)

From: Nutritional status among young adolescents attending primary school in Tanzania: contributions of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for adolescent assessment

VariableTotal
n = 154
Pwani
n = 52
Dar es Salaam
n = 102
p-value
Mean Age (range)13.2 (11,18)13.8 (12, 16)12.9 (11, 18)0.000
Mean # of people (including self) in householda (range)6.4 (3,25)6.8 (3, 25)6.3 (3,15)0.596
   % (n)  
Religion   0.000
 Muslim63.6 (98)92.3 (48)49.0 (50) 
 Christian35.7 (55)5.8 (3)51.0 (52) 
 Father Muslim/ Mother Christian1 (0.6)1 (1.9)0 (0.0) 
Parent Mortalityb   0.865
 Both Parents Alive88.9 (136)92.3 (48)87.1 (88) 
 Mother Deceased2.0 (3)1.9 (1)2.0 (2) 
 Father Deceased8.5 (13)5.8 (3)9.9 (10) 
 Both Parents Deceased0.7 (1)0.0 (0)1.0 (1) 
Mother’s Occupationc   .083
 Professional/Technical/Managerial2.0 (3)0 (0.0)3.1 (3) 
 Clerical/ Sales & Services30.9 (46)41.2 (21)25.5 (25) 
 Manual (skilled or unskilled)28.9 (43)17.7 (9)34.7 (34) 
 Agriculture/Fishing7.4 (11)5.9 (3)8.2 (8) 
 Not currently working/Domestic Service26.9 (40)33.3 (17)23.5 (23) 
 Do not know4.0 (6)2.0 (1)5.1 (5) 
Father’s Occupationd   0.000
 Professional/Technical/Managerial11.6 (16)10.2 (5)12.4 (11) 
 Clerical/Sales & Services13.8 (19)24.5 (12)8.9 (7) 
 Manual (skilled or unskilled)45.7 (63)16.3 (8)61.8 (55) 
 Agriculture/Fishing14.5 (20)28.6 (14)6.7 (6) 
 Not currently working/Domestic Service2 (1.5)0.0 (0)2.3 (2) 
 Do not know13.0 (18)20.4 (10)9.0 (8) 
Puberty   0.000
 Started puberty52.6 (81)67.3 (35)45.1 (46) 
 Not started puberty47.4 (73)32.7 (17)54.9 (56) 
Food Insecurity in Past 4 weeks   0.493
 Yes11.0 (17)9.6 (5)14.7 (15) 
 No89.0 (137)90.4 (47)85.3 (87) 
Equity Tool Items
 Tap water inside home
  Yes56.5 (67)25.0 (13)47.1 (54)0.001
  No43.5 (87)75.0 (39)52.9 (48) 
 Toilet inside house or compound   0.274
  Yes94.2 (145)98.0 (51)92.2 (94) 
  No5.8 (9)2.0 (1)7.8 (8) 
 Electricity inside house   0.006
  Yes66.2 (102)81.8 (42)58.8 (60) 
  No33.8 (52)19.2 (10)41.2 (42) 
 Someone in household with mobile phone
  Yes100.0 (154)100.0 (52)100.0 (102) 
  No0.0 (0)0.0 (0)0.0 (0) 
 Television inside house   0.200
  Yes66.2 (102)73.1 (38)62.7 (64) 
  No33.8 (52)26.9 (14)37.3 (38) 
 Main material of Floors   0.081
  Earth, Sand, Dung7.1 (11)9.6 (5)5.9 (6) 
  Ceramic Tiles24.0 (37)13.5 (7)29.4 (30) 
  Cement68.2 (105)76.9 (40)63.7 (65) 
  Carpet0.6 (1)0.0 (0)1.0 (1) 
  1. aNo major differences in means and p-value with or without outlier
  2. bn = 153 cn = 149 dn = 138