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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of baseline participant characteristics associated with not owning a smartphone among individuals receiving tuberculosis treatment in San Diego, San Francisco, and New York City, 2015–2016 (n = 123)a

From: Requiring smartphone ownership for mHealth interventions: who could be left out?

VariableAdjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)P-value
Age (yrs)1.09 (1.05, 1.13)0.000
Sex
 Female1.00 
 Male2.86 (1.04, 7.86)0.041
Education
Above high school1.00 
High school or below4.48 (1.57, 12.80)0.005
Annual Income
  ≥ $10,0001.00 
  < $10,0003.06 (1.19, 7.89)0.020
  1. a28 were excluded from the final multivariable analysis due to missing data on the baseline questionnaires for the variables included in the final model
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