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Table 1 Definitions used to define double burden of malnutrition (DB) at individual and household levels

From: Various forms of double burden of malnutrition problems exist in rural Kenya

DB Definition
Individual level a
DB 1 =1 if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and micronutrient-deficient
DB 2 =1, if child overweight (BAZ > + 2 SD) and micronutrient-deficient
DB 2.1 =1, if child overweight (WHZ > + 2 SD) and micronutrient-deficient
DB 3 =1, if child overweight (BAZ > + 2 SD) and stunted (HAZ < -2 SD)
DB 3.1 =1, if child overweight (WHZ > + 2 SD) and stunted (HAZ < -2 SD)
Household level b
DB 4 =1, if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and child underweight (BAZ < -2 SD)
DB 5 =1, if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and child underweight (WAZ < -2 SD)
DB 6 =1, if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and child stunted (HAZ < -2 SD)
DB 7 =1, if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and child wasted (WHZ < -2 SD)
DB 8 =1, if adult overweight/obese (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) and child micronutrient-deficient
  1. a Individual sample: adults n = 874 (558 females, 316 males), children n = 184
  2. b Household sample (n = 173) refers to households with at least one adult (male or female) and one child