Skip to main content

Table 2 Association of work and health related factors with psychological morbidity

From: Psychological morbidity in Nepali cross-border migrants in India: a community based cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsFrequency (%)Psychological morbidityp value
TotalNon-case-nessCase-ness 
 n (%)n (%)n (%) 
Working hours/day8 h and less184 (24.5)161 (87.5)23 (12.5)0.66
> 8 h567 (75.5)489 (86.24)78 (13.76)
Day offYes341 (45.96)299 (87.68)42 (12.32)0.39
No401 (54.04)343 (85.54)58 (14.46)
Sick leaveYes466 (64.1)423 (90.77)43 (9.23)< 0.001
No261 (35.9)211 (80.84)50 (19.16)
Duration of last stay in India< 12 months419 (56.47)98 (82.35)21 (17.65)0.28
12–23 months241 (32.48)531 (87.19)78 (12.81)
24–35 months50 (6.78)44 (88.0)6 (12.0)
36 months and later32 (4.31)25 (78.13)6 (21.87)
Reason for returnHoliday348 (52.02)330 (94.83)18 (5.17)< 0.001
Personal problems¶¶305 (45.59)248 (81.31)57 (18.69)
Others (end of contract, political issues)16 (2.39)11 (68.75)5 (31.25)
Going back¶¶¶Yes607 (81.59)540 (83.59)67 (11.04)< 0.001
No137 (18.41)106 (68.37)31 (31.63)
Current smokerYes415 (55.41)359 (86.51)56 (13.49)0.89
No334 (44.59)290 (86.83)44 (13.17)
Current alcohol userYes429 (57.12)387 (90.21)42 (9.79)0.001
No322 (42.88)263 (81.68)59 (18.32)
Smoke marijuanaYes32 (4.27)25 (78.13)7 (21.88)0.15
No718 (95.73)624 (86.91)94 (13.09)
Sex in last 6 monthsYes502 (67.20)452 (90.04)50 (9.96)< 0.001
No245 (32.80)194 (79.18)51 (20.82)
Existing health problem§Yes114 (15.36)76 (66.67)38 (33.33)< 0.001
No628 (84.64)566 (90.13)62 (9.87)
Accessing healthcareDifficult to access197 (28.84)153 (77.66)44 (22.34)< 0.001
Easy to access486 (71.16)446 (91.77)40 (8.23)
Health expense coverageCompletely by employer54 (11.04)46 (85.19)8 (14.81)0.02
Partially by employer60 (12.27)57 (95.0%)3 (5.0%)
Completely by myself375 (76.69)302 (80.53)73 (19.47%)
Healthcare expenseEasy to manage313 (42.07)288 (92.01)25 (7.99)< 0.001
Somehow manageable311 (41.8)269 (86.5)42 (13.5)
Very difficult to manage120 (16.13)87 (72.5)33 (27.5)
  1. Note: , Given the column wise total proportion to compare the frequency distribution within each group; ¶¶, personal problem includes poor health and family issues; ¶¶¶, the question asked was ‘Do you intention to return to India for job?”; §, the question asked was ‘Do you have any physical health problem? are you taking any medication currently?’