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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression modeling for independent predictors of CMDs among prisoners in Jimma correctional institution, South-Western Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 300)

From: Nearly three in every five prisoners experience common mental disorders (CMDs) in Jimma correctional institution; south-West Ethiopia

VariablesCategoriesCMDAOR (95% CI)p-value
NoYes
Age category
 16–2556 (41.2)80 (58.8)RefRef
26–3530 (31.6)65 (68.4)1.50 (0.87–2.63)0.139
36–4516 (36.4)28 (63.6)1.22 (0.61–2.47)0.571
> 4610 (10)15 (60)1.5 (0.65–3.04)0.132
Occupation
 farmer32 (40)48 (60)RefRef
Employed51 (33.78)100 (66.2)0.61 (0.32–4.21)0.811
Others*129 (42.02)40 (57.98)1.33 (0.54–3.24)0.533
Monthly incomeETB    
 100–80056 (44.8)69 (55.2)RefRef
801–150019 (33.3)38 (66.7)2.01 (0.74–5.47)0.174
1501–300020 (29)49 (71)3.30 (1.25–8.69)0.016
> 300017 (31.7)32 (65.3)4.75 (1.57–14.33)0.006
Time spent in prison in months
 < 425 (30.1)58 (69.8)RefRef
5–1129 (34.1)56 (65.9)1.20 (0.63–2.30)0.105
12–2432 (47.1)36 (52.9)0.58 (0.30–1.12)0.416
> 2526 (40.6)38 (59.4)1.70 (0.80–6.23)0.211
Presence of physical illness
 No101 (41)147 (69)RefRe
Yes11 (21.15)41 (79.85)0.93 (0.02–4.56)0.732
Previous incarceration
 No107 (39.2)167 (58.8)RefRef
Yes5 (19.23)21 (80.77)1.57 (0.33–1.41)0.213
Type of crime
 Robbery25 (36.4)44 (63.6)RefRef
Rape14 (48.3)15 (51.7)0.59 (0.18–1.96)0.393
Corruption11 (61.1)7 (38.9)1.51 (0.64–3.54)0.348
Work in prison
 No58 (26.5)161 (73.5)RefRef
Yes54 (66.7)127 (33.3)0.25 [0.12–0.54]< 0.001
Perceived social support
 Poor21 (12.5)147 (87.5)Ref. 
Moderate40 (56.3)31 (43.7)0.09 [0.04–0.215]< 0.001
Strong51 (83.6)10 (16.4)0.03 [0.009–0.07]< 0.001
Family history of mental illness
 No102 (42)145 (58)RefRef
Yes11 (18.87)43 (78.13)6.14 [1.65–22.79]0.007
Ever Khat use
 No92 (58.1)69 (42.9)Ref. 
Yes20 (14.4)119 (85.6)4.33 [2.02–9.27]< 0.001
Ever alcohol use
 No98 (37.55)163 (62.45)RefRef
Yes14 (35.59)25 (64.41)2.44 (0.96–1.34)0.412
Smoking
 Yes101 (43.16)133 (57.94)RefRef
No11 (14.67)55 (83.33)2.2 (0.71–4.18)0.671
  1. Key: AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, CMD Common mental disorders, Ref Reference category, ETB Ethiopian birr.