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Table 4 Table of associations between potential explanatory variables and health check attendance in men*

From: Variations of health check attendance in later life: results from a British birth cohort study

Potential explanatory variable
N = 1139
Model 1a
Coef (p value)
Model 3b
Coef (p value)
Model 4c
Coef (p value)
Predisposing factors
Childhood social class (per one class increase; unskilled ➔ professional)0.04 (0.18)  
Adolescent self-organisation (per one unit increase in the self-organisation factor score)0.26 (< 0.01) 0.18 (< 0.01)
Educational attainment at age 26 (No qualifications used as reference group)Lower secondary0.13 (0.29)−0.03 (0.84)−0.01 (0.95)
Advanced secondary0.29 (< 0.01)0.20 (0.08)0.14 (0.25)
Degree level0.52 (< 0.01)0.40 ( 0.01)0.25 (0.15)
Adult social class (per one class increase; unskilled ➔ professional)0.12 (< 0.01)0.03 (0.40)0.03 (0.54)
Smoking behaviour to age 68 (Current smoker used as reference group)Never smoked0.51 (< 0.01)0.31 (0.04)0.28 (0.07)
Ex-smoker0.54 (< 0.01)0.36 (< 0.01)0.35 (< 0.01)
Level of physical activity in adulthood (per one level increase in activity; inactive ➔ most active)0.07 (0.15)  
Marital status age 68 (Married used as reference group)Single−0.44 (0.05)−0.42 (0.06)−0.44 (0.05)
Separated/
Divorced/ Widowed
−0.51 (< 0.01)− 0.48 (< 0.01)−0.47 (< 0.01)
Enabling factors
Any GP visits in earlier adulthood (compared to none)0.14 (0.10)  
Need factors
Childhood serious illness resulting in hospital admissions (age 0–25) (compared to none)−0.08 (0.35)  
Total number of health conditions between ages 43–53 (per one condition increase)0.17 (< 0.01)0.16 (< 0.01)0.17 (< 0.01)
  1. *Model 2 is omitted as only one variable from childhood (self-organisation) was associated with health check attendance
  2. aBivariate associations
  3. bAdjusted for all variables from adulthood associated bivariately (p < 0.05) with health check attendance
  4. cAdjusted for all variables from both childhood and adulthood associated bivariately (p < 0.05) with health check attendance
  5. All bold values are statistically significant (p < 0.05)