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Table 3 Table of associations between potential explanatory variables and health check attendance in women

From: Variations of health check attendance in later life: results from a British birth cohort study

Potential explanatory variable
N = 1231
Model 1a
Coef (p value)
Model 2b
Coef (p value)
Model 3c
Coef (p value)
Model 4d
Coef (p value)
Predisposing factors
Childhood social class (per one class increase; unskilled ➔ professional)0.16 (< 0.01)0.15 (< 0.01) 0.09 (0.02)
Adolescent self-organisation (per one unit increase in the self-organisation factor score)0.18 (< 0.01)0.13 (0.06) 0.09 (0.23)
Educational attainment at age 26 (No qualifications used as reference group)Lower secondary0.48 (< 0.01) 0.34 (< 0.01)0.25 (0.01)
Advanced secondary0.58 (< 0.01) 0.35 (< 0.01)0.19 (0.13)
Degree level0.34 (0.06) 0.03 (0.89)−0.23 (0.31)
Adult social class (per one class increase; unskilled ➔ professional)0.14 (< 0.01) 0.06 (0.08)0.06 (0.12)
Smoking behaviour to age 68 (Current smoker used as reference group)Never smoked0.73 (< 0.01) 0.43 (0.02)0.40 (0.03)
Ex-smoker0.76 (< 0.01) 0.51 (< 0.01)0.49 (< 0.01)
Level of physical activity in adulthood (per one level increase in activity; inactive ➔ most active)0.19 (< 0.01) 0.12 (0.02)0.11 (0.03)
Marital status age 68 (married used as reference group)Single−0.07 (0.70)   
Separated/Divorced/Widowed−0.19 (0.05)   
Enabling factors
Any GP visits in earlier adulthood (compared to none)0.13 (0.11)   
Mammogram attendance in midlife1.04 (< 0.01) 0.79 (< 0.01)0.76 (< 0.01)
Cervical screening attendance in midlife0.51 (< 0.01) 0.32 (< 0.01)0.32 (< 0.01)
Need factors
Childhood serious illness resulting in hospital admissions (age 0–25) (compared to none)−0.20 (0.03)−0.18 (0.05) −0.17 (0.06)
Total number of health conditions between ages 43–53 (per one condition increase)0.10 (< 0.01) 0.09 (< 0.01)0.09 (< 0.01)
  1. aBivariate associations
  2. bAdjusted for all variables from childhood associated bivariately (p < 0.05) with health check attendance
  3. cAdjusted for all variables from adulthood associated bivariately (p < 0.05) with health check attendance
  4. dAdjusted for all variables from both childhood and adulthood associated bivariately (p < 0.05) with health check attendance
  5. All bold values are statistically significant (p < 0.05)