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Table 5 Single-mediator analyses of the effect of education and work characteristics on self-rated health in England

From: Educational inequalities in health after work exit: the role of work characteristics

 Low Education   Intermediate Education 
a patha (SE)b patha (SE)ab (95% CI)c’ patha (SE)a patha (SE)b patha (SE)ab (95% CI)c’ patha (SE)
Physical demandsPhysical demands
T11.412 (.117)**−.139 (.068)*−.196 (−.394;-.010)*−.483 (.076)**T10.552 (.076)**−.139 (.068)*−.077 (−.159;-.004)*−.234 (.061)**
T2 −.060 (.068)−.085 (−.278;.102) T2 −.060 (.068)−.033 (−.111;.040) 
T3 .018 (.079).025 (−.196;.245) T3 .018 (.079).010 (−.076;.097) 
T4 .068 (.094).096 (−.165;.359) T4 .068 (.094).038 (−.063;.143) 
T5 .172 (.130).243 (−.110;.610) T5 .172 (.130).095 (−.043;.244) 
Psychosocial demandsPsychosocial demands
T1−1.058 (.105)**−.154 (.072)*.163 (.015;.322)*−.523 (.075)**T1−.662 (.089)**−.154 (.072)*.102 (.009;.206)*−.254 (.062)**
T2 −.104 (.070).110 (−.033;.262) T2 −.104 (.070).069 (−.021;.167) 
T3 −.030 (.077).032 (−.127;.196) T3 −.030 (.077).020 (−.081;.123) 
T4 −.012 (.092).013 (−.178;.208) T4 −.012 (.092).008 (−.114;.128) 
T5 −.193 (.126).204 (−.059;.474) T5 −.193 (.126).128 (−.036;.301) 
AutonomyAutonomy
T1−.628 (.118)**.200 (.060)**−.126 (−.222;-.046)*−.479 (.074)**T1−.366 (.100)**.200 (.060)**−.073 (−.140;-.023)*−.223 (.060)**
T2    T2    
T3    T3    
T4    T4    
T5    T5    
  1. Notes: a path = effect of education on the mediators; b path = effect of the mediators on SRH; ab = indirect effect; c’ path = direct effect of education on SRH. If there is no significant interaction with time, coefficients are presented at T1 only
  2. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01
  3. a B adjusted for age at work exit, sex, year, region, number of working hours, and type of exit