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Table 1 Characteristics of the samples

From: Educational inequalities in health after work exit: the role of work characteristics

 Low EducationIntermediate EducationHigh EducationTotal% missing before MIa
N (%)
The Netherlands275 (49.5)131 (23.6)149 (26.9)5556.0
Denmark370 (19.1)950 (49.0)618 (31.9)19384.7
England338 (24.3)724 (52.0)329 (23.7)139117.0
Germany84 (15.6)201 (37.4)253 (47.0)53820.4
Finland1608 (31.1)3250 (62.7)320 (6.2)517821.1
Male (%)
The Netherlands52.455.765.156.60.0
Denmark38.450.043.245.80.0
England53.856.467.458.50.0
Germany35.750.354.950.20.0
Finland62.633.449.743.50.0
Age at work exit, mean (SD)
The Netherlands61.8 (2.5)61.9 (2.6)62.1 (2.3)61.9 (2.5)0.0
Denmark60.5 (2.4)61.0 (2.2)61.4 (2.2)61.0 (2.3)0.0
England60.1 (3.3)59.8 (3.4)59.6 (3.0)59.8 (3.3)0.0
Germany58.9 (5.1)60.2 (4.4)61.2 (4.1)60.5 (4.4)0.0
Finland58.5 (3.0)58.4 (2.7)60.6 (2.3)58.6 (2.9)0.0
High physical demands at T0 (%)
The Netherlands59.149.325.547.85.8
Denmark43.837.216.832.00.8
England79.162.046.962.316.4
Germany51.247.346.647.618.4
Finland59.440.820.745.217.4
High psychosocial demands at T0 (%)
The Netherlands14.836.081.737.85.8
Denmark55.760.365.761.13.6
England48.357.268.958.015.7
Germany58.363.279.870.36.9
Finland19.747.276.341.017.9
High variation in tasks at T0 (%)
The Netherlands5.827.273.929.25.8
Denmark63.274.788.977.00.1
Englandn/an/an/an/an/a
Germanyn/an/an/an/an/a
Finland31.851.556.646.020.0
High autonomy at T0 (%)
The Netherlands31.739.742.836.55.8
Denmark41.643.147.944.30.0
England55.460.669.461.615.5
Germanyn/an/an/an/an/a
Finland18.442.869.637.318.1
Type of exit (%)
The Netherlands    0.0
 Regular retirement19.625.218.120.5 
 Early retirement39.338.245.640.7 
 Disability9.86.98.78.8 
 Unemployment5.89.97.47.2 
 Other25.519.820.122.7 
Denmark    0.0
 Regular retirement7.36.811.88.5 
 Early retirement66.572.074.371.7 
 Unemployment26.221.213.919.8 
England    0.0
 (Early) retirement70.373.384.975.5 
 Disability9.35.21.45.2 
 Unemployment12.211.26.510.3 
 Homemaker8.210.37.29.0 
ȀGermany    0.0
 Regular Retirement35.751.760.953.5 
 Early retirement19.117.919.018.6 
 Unemployment17.913.98.311.9 
 Other27.416.411.916.0 
Finland    0.0
 Regular Retirement41.659.160.953.7 
 Disability50.235.428.839.6 
 Other8.25.510.36.7 
Number of working hours per week at T0 (%)
The Netherlands    1.8
 1–1526.121.120.823.5 
 16–3126.520.333.627.0 
 32–4038.140.640.339.3 
  ≥ 419.318.05.410.3 
Denmark    0.3
 1–2816.713.914.114.5 
 29–3618.118.218.318.2 
 3751.155.847.252.2 
  ≥ 3814.112.120.415.1 
England    3.8
 1–1514.69.413.011.6 
 16–3127.728.821.526.7 
 32–4037.340.737.339.0 
  ≥ 4020.421.128.122.7 
Germany    7.2
1–2942.930.424.929.7 
30–3919.120.913.417.1 
40–4428.628.734.031.2 
  ≥ 459.519.927.721.9 
Finlandn/an/an/an/an/a
Self-rated health after work exit, (mean (SD))
The Netherlands     
T1 (0–3 years after exit)3.9 (0.8) n = 2753.8 (0.8) n = 1314.1 (0.8) n = 1493.9 (0.8) 
T2 (3–6 years after exit)3.9 (0.8) n = 2723.8 (0.8) n = 1304.1 (0.7) n = 1493.9 (0.8) 
T3 (6–9 years after exit)3.8 (0.8) n = 2093.9 (0.6) n = 834.1 (0.7) n = 1073.9 (0.8) 
T4 (9–12 years after exit)3.7 (0.9) n = 1963.7 (0.9) n = 764.0 (0.8) n = 1033.8 (0.9) 
T5 (12–15 years after exit)3.8 (0.8) n = 1633.8 (0.8) n = 734.0 (0.7) n = 923.8 (0.8) 
Denmark     
T1 (0–5 years after exit)3.8 (0.9) n = 3704.0 (0.8) n = 9504.2 (0.8) n = 6184.0 (0.9) 
T2 (5–10 years after exit)3.8 (0.8) n = 2184.0 (0.8) n = 5054.0 (0.8) n = 2894.0 (0.8) 
T3 (10–15 years after exit)3.9 (0.9) n = 753.9 (0.7) n = 1433.9 (0.8) n = 803.9 (0.8) 
England     
T1 (0–2 years after exit)3.3 (1.1) n = 2793.6 (1.1) n = 5803.8 (0.9) n = 2913.6 (1.1) 
T2 (2–4 years after exit)3.1 (1.1) n = 2233.4 (1.0) n = 4663.8 (1.0) n = 2453.4 (1.0) 
T3 (4–6 years after exit)3.0 (1.0) n = 1633.4 (1.0) n = 3523.8 (1.0) n = 1823.4 (1.0) 
T4 (6–8 years after exit)3.1 (1.1) n = 993.3 (1.0) n = 2163.6 (1.0) n = 1083.3 (1.0) 
T5 (8–10 years after exit)3.2 (1.0) n = 433.3 (1.0) n = 793.7 (0.9) n = 463.4 (1.0) 
Germany     
T1 (0–3 years after exit)3.6 (0.9) n = 843.7 (0.8) n = 2013.7 (0.8) n = 2533.7 (0.8) 
T2 (3–6 years after exit)3.4 (1.0) n = 843.6 (0.9) n = 2013.7 (0.7) n = 2533.6 (0.8) 
T3 (6–9 years after exit)3.6 (0.8) n = 703.5 (0.8) n = 1473.6 (0.8) n = 1973.6 (0.8) 
T4 (9–12 years after exit)3.7 (0.7) n = 163.5 (0.8) n = 573.7 (0.8) n = 633.6 (0.8) 
Finland     
T1 (0–3 years after exit)2.7 (1.0) n = 10593.0 (1.1) n = 26173.4 (1.0) n = 2542.9 (1.1) 
T2 (3–6 years after exit)2.8 (1.0) n = 8553.2 (1.1) n = 22173.4 (1.1) n = 2133.1 (1.0) 
T3 (6–9 years after exit)3.0 (1.1) n = 5193.2 (1.0) n = 13043.4 (1.0) n = 943.0 (1.1) 
  1. a MI = multiple imputation. Percentages reported in first rows (N) are percentages of incomplete cases