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Table 4 Trends in Utilisation and Inequality in the Use of Antenatal care and Modern Contraception

From: Trends in utilisation and inequality in the use of reproductive health services in Sub-Saharan Africa

Country 8+ Antenatal Visit Use of Modern Contraception for Women in Union
Yes Quantile Concentration Index Yes Quantile Concentration Index
% 1 & 2 4 & 5 Rank CI p-value % 1 & 2 4 & 5 Rank CI p-value
Angola 6.23 26.31 48.09 13 0.3382 0.000 8.86 9.55 73.25 30 0.5002 0.000
Benin 10.23 17.04 68.72 20 0.4577 0.000 7.37 28.80 49.14 18 0.1984 0.000
Burkina-Faso 0.31 3.13 87.50 29 0.7484 0.000 15.48 19.83 66.38 23 0.3360 0.000
Burundi 0.41 15.00 80.00 25 0.5117 0.000 18.42 27.25 55.83 14 0.1189 0.000
Cameroun 7.81 13.85 69.60 19 0.4431 0.000 14.20 15.87 64.44 25 0.3527 0.000
Chad 0.90 24.49 66.33 17 0.3773 0.000 3.03 24.81 58.97 21 0.2591 0.000
CIV 3.12 13.69 76.78 27 0.6033 0.000 11.41 31.93 49.46 20 0.2241 0.000
Comoros 13.53 28.21 49.57 6 0.1903 0.000 13.55 30.50 50.45 7 0.0674 0.012
Congo 3.44 44.34 43.43 14 0.3413 0.000 16.12 50.00 33.82 17 0.1862 0.000
DRC 2.59 47.42 36.08 1 0.0371 0.175 6.35 23.16 62.79 24 0.3438 0.000
Ethiopia 3.55 11.77 84.31 28 0.6166 0.000 29.38 44.85 41.32 15 0.1526 0.000
Gabon 6.77 36.10 46.20 12 0.3036 0.000 15.56 48.58 32.21 10 0.0893 0.000
Gambia 4.74 40.00 43.92 7 0.2067 0.000 7.49 29.40 55.90 22 0.2760 0.000
Ghana 28.84 32.23 47.16 10 0.2531 0.000 22.51 48.69 30.94 2 −0.0254 0.082
Guinea 8.86 17.01 69.85 18 0.4417 0.000 3.35 18.06 66.96 26 0.3551 0.000
Kenya 2.71 23.02 62.63 23 0.4902 0.000 47.18 33.46 43.77 9 0.0888 0.000
Lesotho 11.80 26.98 53.62 11 0.2999 0.000 59.27 35.20 44.93 5 0.0487 0.000
Liberia 21.92 50.63 27.84 4 0.1334 0.000 18.62 50.45 25.32 11 0.1096 0.000
Malawi 1.40 40.11 39.58 2 0.0749 0.121 57.89 35.10 45.06 1 0.0215 0.000
Mali 4.98 16.31 70.70 15 0.3548 0.000 10.46 15.21 74.51 27 0.3948 0.000
Namibia 25.91 29.26 49.75 5 0.1728 0.000 55.44 30.93 48.40 8 0.0691 0.000
Niger 0.20 6.67 53.33 8 0.2163 0.037 10.28 11.15 79.55 28 0.4234 0.000
Nigeria 25.78 12.06 69.28 21 0.4728 0.000 9.47 10.22 71.93 29 0.4793 0.000
Rwanda 0.07 0.00 100.00 30 0.9193 0.000 47.45 37.11 42.95 3 0.0258 0.000
Senegal 0.77 42.85 44.76 16 0.3730 0.000 19.31 40.99 33.94 16 0.1720 0.000
Sierra-Leone 42.73 36.32 45.21 3 0.0818 0.000 15.09 27.92 56.75 19 0.2109 0.000
Tanzania 0.91 14.06 75.00 26 0.5245 0.000 29.00 28.97 50.66 12 0.1097 0.000
Togo 2.72 22.05 70.59 22 0.4856 0.000 17.23 44.43 37.40 6 0.0591 0.000
Zambia 0.86 22.50 58.75 24 0.4998 0.000 43.10 31.67 45.40 13 0.1186 0.000
Zimbabwe 12.34 22.01 64.54 9 0.2441 0.000 66.12 31.30 53.58 4 0.0373 0.000
West Africa 9.76 16.50 65.97   0.5865 0.000 13.08 27.93 53.83   0.2404 0.000
East & Central Africa 3.22 20.18 66.07   0.5520 0.000 27.73 31.71 47.70   0.2108 0.000
Southern Africa 5.96 27.48 54.20   0.4144 0.000 55.39 33.37 46.99   0.0686 0.000
Sub-Saharan Africa 7.07 18.80 64.06   0.5475 0.000 25.62 31.42 48.97   0.1067 0.000
  1. Source: Author’s calculation based on DHS data