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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of vote in favour of Marine Le Pen based on 95 French departments

From: Health as an independent predictor of the 2017 French presidential voting behaviour: a cross-sectional analysis

 UnivariateMultivariate
Coefficient (±SD)p*Coefficient (±SD)p*
Median annual wages(k€)−0.015 (±0.002)< 0.0001  
Poverty0.744 (±0.223)0.0012  
Unemployment2.232 (±0.356)< 0.00010.76 (±0.26)< 0.0001
Solidarity Labour Income$2.068 (±0.678)0.003  
Inequality−8.434 (±1.375)< 0.0001−6.90 (±0.94)< 0.0001
Single parent family−0.313 (±0.256)0.23  
Life expectancy (years)−0.048 (±0.005)< 0.0001  
Mortality17.22 (±3.444)< 0.0001  
Chronic condition1.513 (±0.322)< 0.00010.32 (±0.21)0.12
COPD8.877 (±1.541)< 0.00013.25 (±1.11)0.004
Asthma−1.132 (±0.299)0.00027  
Diabetes mellitus9.626 (±1.058)< 0.00016.57 (±0.80)< 0.0001
  1. COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Coefficients are coefficients of linear regression. * Linear regressions were weighted by department population
  2. $ While significant in the univariate analysis, not included in the multivariate due to collinearity with unemployment