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Table 3 Outcomes for Primary Objectives

From: Study protocol for a 2-year longitudinal study of positive youth development at an urban sport for development facility

Participants aged 6–12
 a) Increased physical literacyIndicator:
 PLAYself Physical Literacy Assessment for Youth [36] 22-item graded self-report scale used to evaluate level of physical literacy
 b) Physical activity minutes/dayIndicator:
 One-week pedometry producing at least 3 days of valid data with a minimum wear time of 10 h/day
 c) Continued engagement in sportIndicator:
 Self-report of regular sport/physical activity participation
Participants aged 12–18
 a) Life skills:Indicator:
  i. Critical Thinking
  ii. Resilience
  iii. Self-esteem
  iv. Self-regulation
  v. Social Competence
  vi. Grit
Critical Thinking in Everyday Life Scale [37]
20-item self-report Likert scale used to measure use of critical thinking skills including reasoning, enquiry, analysis/information processing, flexibility, and evaluation
Child & Youth Resilience Measure [38]
12-item self-report scale used to measure ability to sustain well-being
Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale [39]
10-item self-report Likert scale used to assess global self-esteem
Motivation and Self-Regulation Subscale; derived from the School Attitudes Assessment Survey [40]
4-item self-report Likert scale used to measure ability to initiate and continue behaviours required to achieve academic goals
Social Competence Scale for Teenagers [41]
9-item self-report scale used to measure positive social skills necessary to get along well with others and function constructively in groups
Grit Scale [42]
8-item self-report scale used to measure stamina in dimensions of effort and interest
 b) Academic Performance:Indicator:
  i. School Attendance
  ii. Academic Performance
  iii Academic Attainment
Self-report of number of missed school days over past two weeks measured as a percentage
GPA as per last report card; failed courses marked as “R” on TDSB report cards will be input as 45%
Self-report of highest grade/level completed
 c) Physical OutcomesIndicator:
  i. Physical activity minutes/day
  ii. Health Behaviours
  iii. Continued engagement in sport
One-week pedometry producing at least 3 days of valid data with a minimum wear time of 10 h/day
Healthy Behaviour Questionnaire
6-item, author-designed scale used to measure behaviours relating to sleep, nutrition, physical activity, smoking, substance use, and risky sexual behaviour
Self-report of regular sport/physical activity participation
Participants aged 18–29
 a) EmploymentIndicator:
  i. Employment Status
  ii. Personal Income
Self-report of placement in job, apprenticeship or training; full- or part-time
Self-report of personal income level
 b) Sport ParticipationIndicator:
  i. Continued engagement in sportSelf-report of regular sport/physical activity participation