Skip to main content

Table 2 Proportion of chronic diseases and preventive care (%) by economic quintile, and economic-related inequality

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of chronic diseases and preventive care among adults aged 45 and older in Shaanxi Province, China

  Hypertension and preventive care Diabetes and preventive care
Presence of Hypertension Adequate medication Measure blood-pressure Presence of Diabetes Adequate medication Test blood-glucose
Respondents 27,728 5742 5742 27,728 1055 1055
Poorest, % (95%CI) a 18.18 (17.13–19.23) 50.99 (47.99–54.00) 89.30 (87.44–91.16) 1.69 (1.34–2.05) 59.09 (52.16–66.01) 77.52 (71.64–83.4)
Poorer, % (95%CI) a 20.06 (18.97–21.16) 56.89 (53.92–59.86) 91.05 (89.3–92.81) 2.97 (2.48–3.45) 68.77 (62.30–75.24) 82.73 (77.41–88.05)
Middle, % (95%CI) a 20.87 (19.74–22.00) 58.94 (55.96–61.92) 90.36 (88.56–92.17) 3.75 (3.20–4.29) 78.58 (72.80–84.36) 87.00 (82.08–91.91)
Richer, % (95%CI) a 21.43 (20.28–22.58) 64.50 (61.62–67.37) 94.86 (93.56–96.17) 4.40 (3.81–4.99) 80.07 (74.46–85.68) 91.36 (87.39–95.33)
Richest, % (95%CI) a 24.18 (22.96–25.41) 72.10 (69.41–74.78) 97.03 (96.1–97.95) 7.44 (6.68–8.21) 82.81 (77.32–88.3) 91.59 (87.59–95.60)
RIIb, (95% CI) 0.70*** (0.64–0.75) 0.70*** (0.65–0.75) 0.92*** (0.90–0.94) 0.21*** (0.16–0.27) 0.72*** (0.63–0.83) 0.85*** (0.78–0.93)
RIIc, (95% CI) 0.73*** (0.67–0.79) 0.81*** (0.75–0.87) 0.93*** (0.90–0.95) 0.32*** (0.25–0.41) 0.80*** (0.69–0.92) 0.87*** (0.80–0.96)
C, (95%CI) 0.056*** (0.041–0.070) 0.068*** (0.054–0.081) 0.017*** (0.013–0.022) 0.264*** (0.228–0.299) 0.065*** (0.043–0.088) 0.036*** (0.021–0.051)
  1. Note: (1) 95% CI: 95% confidence interval, C: concentration index, RII: relative index of inequality; (2) a: weighted but unadjusted prevalence estimates; (3) b: RII values were established by Poisson regressions with robust variance and adjusted for gender and age; (4) c: RII values were established by Poisson regressions with robust variance and adjusted for gender, age, education level, marital status, working status, basic medical insurance, commercial medical insurance and urban/rural area; (5) ***p < 0.001