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Table 2 Quality Appraisal of the Included Studies

From: The effectiveness, suitability, and sustainability of non-pharmacological methods of managing pain in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review

Reference Described as randomized Appropriate randomization Described as double blinded Appropriate double blinding method Described withdrawals and dropouts Total (5 points)
Acupressure
 Li et al., 2018 [35] 5
 Acupuncture       
 Itoh et al., 2006 [36] 5
 White et al., 2012 [37] NA 3
Guided imagery
 Baird, Murawski, & Wu, 2010 [38] NA 2
Periosteal stimulation (PST)
 Weiner et al., 2007 [39] NA 2
 Weiner et al., 2008 [44] NA 3
Qigong
 von Trott et al., 2009 [40] NA 2
 Yang et al., 2005 [41] NA  
Tai chi
 Brismee et al., 2007 [42] NA 3
 Fransen et al., 2007 [43] NA 3