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Table 3 NPART questions on social participation by preparedness to participate or not in digital health research

From: A research tool for measuring non-participation of older people in research on digital health

   Preparedness to participateChi2p-valuea
  Total sample
n (valid column %)
Decliner group
n (valid column %)
Consenting group
n (valid column %)
Social participationLow frequency36 (53)17 (71)19 (43)  
High frequency32 (47)7 (29)25 (57)4.760.029
Missing211  
Contact with childrenLow frequency8 (12)4 (17)4 (9)  
High frequency61 (88)20 (83)41 (91)0.435a
Missing211  
Contact with friendsLow frequency7 (10)4 (17)3 (7)  
High frequency62 (90)20 (83)42 (93)0.227a
Missing110  
Appropriateness of amount of social contactI want more social contact28 (42)6 (25)22 (51)  
I want less/I do not want more social contact39 (58)18 (75)21 (49)4.330.037
Missing312  
Total (n = 70) 7025 (36)45 (64)  
  1. aThe p-value generally refers to the Chi2 statistics, but Fisher’s exact test was performed if frequencies smaller than 5 were expected in any of the cells for a given variable