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Table 1 NPART questions on socioeconomic factors by preparedness to participate or not in digital health research

From: A research tool for measuring non-participation of older people in research on digital health

   Preparedness to participateChi2 / t valuep-valuea
  Total sample
n (valid column %)
Decliner group
n (valid column %)
Consenting group
n (valid column %)
EducationLow education32 (46)15 (60)17 (39)  
High education37 (54)10 (40)27 (61)2.920.087
Missing101  
Age (mean (SD)) 68.8 (6.2)69.6 (6.1)68.3 (6.2)0.790.430
Job positionWorkers25 (36)11 (44)14 (31)  
Clerks26 (37)8 (32)18 (40)  
Self-employed12 (17)4 (16)8 (18)  
Retired/no job7 (10)2 (8)5 (11)0.785a
Missing000  
GenderWomen33 (47)12 (48)21 (47)  
Men37 (53)13 (52)24 (53)0.010.91
Missing000  
PartnerYes57 (83)19 (79)38 (84)  
No12 (17)5 (21)7 (16)0.740a
Missing110  
Living aloneYes55 (82)18 (82)37 (82)  
No12 (18)4 (18)8 (18)1.000a
Missing330  
Total (n = 70) 7025 (36)45 (64)  
  1. aThe p-value generally refers to the Chi2 statistics, but Fisher’s exact test was performed if frequencies smaller than 5 were expected in any of the cells for a given variable