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Table 4 The associations of socio-demographic characteristics and cardiovascular disease risk factors with dyslipidemia in Chinese adults ≥40 years

From: Prevalence and risk factors for dyslipidemia among adults in rural and urban China: findings from the China National Stroke Screening and prevention project (CNSSPP)

  TC HDL-C LDL-C TG Non-HDL-C
Age (years)
 40–49 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 50–59 1.48 (1.41–1.55) 0.86 (0.83–0.89) 1.42 (1.35–1.50) 0.95 (0.92–0.98) 1.41 (1.34–1.47)
 60–69 1.70 (1.61–1.80) 0.85 (0.81 - -0.88) 1.53 (1.44–1.63) 0.84 (0.81–0.87) 1.56 (1.47–1.64)
 70 and above 1.64 (1.55–1.75) 0.77 (0.74–0.81) 1.49 (1.39–1.60) 0.68 (0.65–0.71) 1.49 (1.40–1.59)
Residence
 Rural 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Urban 0.90 90.87–0.93) 1.04 (1.01–1.07)C 0.91 (0.87–0.94) 1.06 (1.04–1.09) 0.90 (0.87–0.94)
Sex
 Men 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Women 1.83 (1.75–1.91) 0.62 (0.60–0.64) 1.55 (1.47–1.63) 1.02 (1.00 - 1.06)NS 1.52 (1.45–1.59)
Socio- economic regions
 Low-income 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Middle-income 1.10 (1.05–1.16) 0.85 (0.82–0.88) 0.88 (0.83–0.93) 1.35 (1.30–1.40) 1.02 (0.98–1.08)NS
 High-income 1.06 (1.01–1.11)C 0.82 (0.79–0.85) 0.90 (0.85–0.95) 0.92 (0.88–0.95) 0.97 (0.93–1.03)NS
Ethnicities
 Han nationality 1.76 (1.56–1.99) 0.71 (0.67–0.76) 0.88 (0.79–0.98)C 1.14 (1.06–1.22)C 1.50 (1.34–1.68)
 Others 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
BMI
 Underweight 0.93 (0.78–1.09) NS 0.87 (0.76–0.99)C 0.87 (0.71–1.06)NS 0.65 (0.56–0.75) 0.84 (0.71–1.01)NS
 Normal weight 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Overweight 1.11 (1.07–1.16) 1.15 (1.12–1.19) 1.18 (1.12–1.24) 1.41 (1.37–1.46) 1.21 (1.16–1.26)
 Obesity 1.27 (1.20–1.33) 1.27 (1.22–1.33) 1.34 (1.26–1.42) 1.79 (1.72–1.87) 1.41 (1.33–1.48)
Central obesity
 Yes 1.05 (1.01–1.09) 1.24 (1,20–1 28) 1.13 (1.08–1.18) 1.25 (1.22–1.29) 1.08 (1.04–1.13)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
History of CHD
 Yes 1.00 (0.94–1.06)NS 0.63 (0.60–0.66) 0.89 (0.83–0.96)C 0.77 (0,74–0.80) 0.91 (0.85–0.96)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
History of Dyslipidemia
 Yes 1.06 (1.02–1.10) 1.09 (1.06–1.13) 1.18 (1.13–1.23) 0.98 (0.96–1.01)NS 1.09 (1.05–1.13)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
History of Stroke
 Yes 0.92 (0.88–0.96) 0.93 (0.90–0.96) 1.00 (0.95–1.05) 0.73 (0.70–0.75) 0.91 (0.87–0.95)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Stroke Belt
 Yes 1.00 (0.95–1.05) 1.12 (1.07–1.17) 0.92 (0.86–0.97)C 1.44 (1.38–1.50) 0.99 (0.94–1.05)NS
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Geographical region
 North 1.12 (1.07–1.17) 0.61(0.59–0.63) 1.13 (1.08–1.19) 0.67 (0.65–0.69) 0.98 (0.94–1.02)NS
 South 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Diabetes Mellitus
 Yes 1.14 (1.10–1.19) 1.18 (1.14–1.21) 1.17 (1.12–1.22) 1.25 (1.22–1.29) 1.21 (1.16–1.25)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hypertension
 Yes 1.20 (1.15–1.24) 0.95 (0.92–0.97) 1.23 (1.18–1.29) 1.23 (1.19–1.26) 1.20 (1.15–1.24)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Current smoker
 Yes 1.02 (0.97–1.07)NS 1.01 (0.97–1.04) NS 1.21 (1.15–1.28) 0.99 (0.96–1.03)NS 1.06 (1.01–1.12)C
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Current drinker
 Yes 1.33 (1.27–1.40) 0.76 (0.73–0.79) 1.15 (1.08–1.22) 1.18 (1.13–1.22) 1.16 (1.10–1.22)
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Physical activity
 Yes 0.96 (0.92–0.99)C 0.95 (0.92–0.97) 0.94 (0.90–0.98)C 0.89 (0.86–0.91) 0.96 (0.92–0.99)C
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1. Figures are both locations pooled ORs (95% CIs). 1.00 = reference group
  2. All the presented 0Rs are significant at p < 0.001 except for: Cp < 0.05; NS, not significant (p > 0.05)
  3. CNSSPP database, HDL-C low high-density lipoprotein; LDL-C raised low-density lipoprotein; TG raised triglycerides, TC raised total cholesterol; Non- HDL-C raised non-high-density lipoprotein