Skip to main content

Table 4 The associations of socio-demographic characteristics and cardiovascular disease risk factors with dyslipidemia in Chinese adults ≥40 years

From: Prevalence and risk factors for dyslipidemia among adults in rural and urban China: findings from the China National Stroke Screening and prevention project (CNSSPP)

 TCHDL-CLDL-CTGNon-HDL-C
Age (years)
 40–491.001.001.001.001.00
 50–591.48 (1.41–1.55)0.86 (0.83–0.89)1.42 (1.35–1.50)0.95 (0.92–0.98)1.41 (1.34–1.47)
 60–691.70 (1.61–1.80)0.85 (0.81 - -0.88)1.53 (1.44–1.63)0.84 (0.81–0.87)1.56 (1.47–1.64)
 70 and above1.64 (1.55–1.75)0.77 (0.74–0.81)1.49 (1.39–1.60)0.68 (0.65–0.71)1.49 (1.40–1.59)
Residence
 Rural1.001.001.001.001.00
 Urban0.90 90.87–0.93)1.04 (1.01–1.07)C0.91 (0.87–0.94)1.06 (1.04–1.09)0.90 (0.87–0.94)
Sex
 Men1.001.001.001.001.00
 Women1.83 (1.75–1.91)0.62 (0.60–0.64)1.55 (1.47–1.63)1.02 (1.00 - 1.06)NS1.52 (1.45–1.59)
Socio- economic regions
 Low-income1.001.001.001.001.00
 Middle-income1.10 (1.05–1.16)0.85 (0.82–0.88)0.88 (0.83–0.93)1.35 (1.30–1.40)1.02 (0.98–1.08)NS
 High-income1.06 (1.01–1.11)C0.82 (0.79–0.85)0.90 (0.85–0.95)0.92 (0.88–0.95)0.97 (0.93–1.03)NS
Ethnicities
 Han nationality1.76 (1.56–1.99)0.71 (0.67–0.76)0.88 (0.79–0.98)C1.14 (1.06–1.22)C1.50 (1.34–1.68)
 Others1.001.001.001.001.00
BMI
 Underweight0.93 (0.78–1.09) NS0.87 (0.76–0.99)C0.87 (0.71–1.06)NS0.65 (0.56–0.75)0.84 (0.71–1.01)NS
 Normal weight1.001.001.001.001.00
 Overweight1.11 (1.07–1.16)1.15 (1.12–1.19)1.18 (1.12–1.24)1.41 (1.37–1.46)1.21 (1.16–1.26)
 Obesity1.27 (1.20–1.33)1.27 (1.22–1.33)1.34 (1.26–1.42)1.79 (1.72–1.87)1.41 (1.33–1.48)
Central obesity
 Yes1.05 (1.01–1.09)1.24 (1,20–1 28)1.13 (1.08–1.18)1.25 (1.22–1.29)1.08 (1.04–1.13)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
History of CHD
 Yes1.00 (0.94–1.06)NS0.63 (0.60–0.66)0.89 (0.83–0.96)C0.77 (0,74–0.80)0.91 (0.85–0.96)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
History of Dyslipidemia
 Yes1.06 (1.02–1.10)1.09 (1.06–1.13)1.18 (1.13–1.23)0.98 (0.96–1.01)NS1.09 (1.05–1.13)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
History of Stroke
 Yes0.92 (0.88–0.96)0.93 (0.90–0.96)1.00 (0.95–1.05)0.73 (0.70–0.75)0.91 (0.87–0.95)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Stroke Belt
 Yes1.00 (0.95–1.05)1.12 (1.07–1.17)0.92 (0.86–0.97)C1.44 (1.38–1.50)0.99 (0.94–1.05)NS
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Geographical region
 North1.12 (1.07–1.17)0.61(0.59–0.63)1.13 (1.08–1.19)0.67 (0.65–0.69)0.98 (0.94–1.02)NS
 South1.001.001.001.001.00
Diabetes Mellitus
 Yes1.14 (1.10–1.19)1.18 (1.14–1.21)1.17 (1.12–1.22)1.25 (1.22–1.29)1.21 (1.16–1.25)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Hypertension
 Yes1.20 (1.15–1.24)0.95 (0.92–0.97)1.23 (1.18–1.29)1.23 (1.19–1.26)1.20 (1.15–1.24)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Current smoker
 Yes1.02 (0.97–1.07)NS1.01 (0.97–1.04) NS1.21 (1.15–1.28)0.99 (0.96–1.03)NS1.06 (1.01–1.12)C
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Current drinker
 Yes1.33 (1.27–1.40)0.76 (0.73–0.79)1.15 (1.08–1.22)1.18 (1.13–1.22)1.16 (1.10–1.22)
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
Physical activity
 Yes0.96 (0.92–0.99)C0.95 (0.92–0.97)0.94 (0.90–0.98)C0.89 (0.86–0.91)0.96 (0.92–0.99)C
 No1.001.001.001.001.00
  1. Figures are both locations pooled ORs (95% CIs). 1.00 = reference group
  2. All the presented 0Rs are significant at p < 0.001 except for: Cp < 0.05; NS, not significant (p > 0.05)
  3. CNSSPP database, HDL-C low high-density lipoprotein; LDL-C raised low-density lipoprotein; TG raised triglycerides, TC raised total cholesterol; Non- HDL-C raised non-high-density lipoprotein