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Table 4 Risk factors for smokeless tobacco consumptions in women and men population aged 25–64 years

From: Tobacco use and associated risk factors in Burkina Faso: results from a population-based cross-sectional survey

Variables Women Men
n Prevalence AOR (95%CI) n Prevalence AOR (95%CI)
Age groups
 25 to 34 1175 5.7 [3.2–10.1] 1 948 1.3 [0.6–2.5] 1
 35 to 44 609 9.4 [6.8–12.9] 1.56 [1.01–2.41]** 572 2.2 [1.2–4.0] 1.52 [0.62–3.71]
 44 to 54 415 23.5 [19.1–28.5] 4.47 [2.95–6.79] *** 426 11.3 [8.1–15.5] 8.32 [3.80–18.24]***
 55 to 64 236 24.6 [18.7–31.6] 3.82 [2.27–6.41]*** 310 17.0 [12.4–22.9] 12.88 [5.78–28.67]***
Residence
 Urban 578 3.8 [2.2–6.7] 1 461 3.5 [1.2–9.9] 1
 Rural 1858 14.8 [12.0–18.1] 3.87 [2.09–7.13]*** 1794 6.3 [4.8–8.2] 2.08 [0.83–5.21]
Education
 None 1974 13.8 [11.3–16.9] 1 1648 6.7 [5.1–8.7] 1
 Primary 316 2.1 [0.8–5.5] 0.25 [0.09–0.70]** 411 2.5 [0.9–6.5] 0.45 [0.20–1.02]
 Secondary/Tertiary 145 0.9 [0.2–1.6] 0.19 [0.03–1.39] 189 3.1 [0.7–13.1] 0.83 [0.17–4.12]
Marital status
 Single 75 0.8 [0.1–5.4] 1 258 1.4 [0.5–3.6] 1
 Married 2135 11.0 [8.7–13.9] 3.40 [0.41–27.99] 1907 5.9 [4.5–7.7] 1.02 [0.34–3.12]
 Divorced/Widowed 223 22.8 [16.4–30.9] 5.86 [0.68–50.54] 88 11.8 [3.9–30.4] 1.51 [0.32–7.21]
Occupational status
 Wage earner 86 0 / 195 0.9 [0.2–4.4] 1
 Self-employed 1274 12.9 [9.4–17.6] 1 1975 6.1 [4.6–7.9] 7.18 [1.01–51.31]
 Jobless 1075 11.2 [8.8–14.2] 1.00 [0.61–1.65] 86 6.0 [1.1–26.4] 16.00 [0.70–362.0]
Alcohol consumption
 None 1719 9.6 [7.5–12.2] 1.00 1623 4.0 [2.8–5.7] 1
 Low 192 21.4 [15.4–29.0] 2.15 [1.34–3.46]*** 406 8.5 [5.6–12.7] 2.17 [1.27–3.70]***
 Mid 274 18.6 [13.1–25.7] 2.14 [1.37–3.35]*** 129 9.4 [4.4618.9] 3.04 [1.27–7.25]**
 Abuse 30 20.3 [7.1–45.7] 2.19 [0.58–8.28] 98 14.9 [7.7–26.8] 4.10 [1.72–9.74]***
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratios. CI Confidence interval, * p = 0.05, ** p = 0.01,*** p < 0.001
  2. Bold highlights statistically significant variables