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Table 2 Demographic and household characteristics of 390 mothers enrolled in the cross-sectional component of the study by site

From: Feeding practices and risk factors for chronic infant undernutrition among refugees and migrants along the Thailand-Myanmar border: a mixed-methods study

Maternal characteristicsTotalRefugeesMigrants
MLAMKTWPA
Total mothers surveyed, n (%)390165 (42.3)112 (28.7)113 (29.0)
Maternal age (yrs), mean (SD)27.0 (6.4)27.3 (6.3)27.0 (6.8)26.6 (6.2)
Paternal education (yrs), mean (SD)a4.5 (3.7)4.7 (4.0)4.4 (3.6)4.2 (3.4)
Infant age (months), mean (SD)7.3 (3.4)7.1 (3.6)7.2 (3.3)7.5 (3.4)
< 6 months, n (%)132 (33.8)62 (37.6)37 (33.0)33 (29.2)
≥ 6 months, n (%)258 (66.2)103 (62.4)75 (67.0)80 (70.8)
Infant sex, n (%)
 Male179 (45.9)79 (47.9)52 (46.4)48 (42.5)
 Female211 (54.1)86 (52.1)60 (53.6)65 (57.5)
Ethnicity, n (%)b
 Karen254 (65.1)143 (86.7)59 (52.7)52 (46.0)
 Burman114 (29.2)20 (12.1)42 (37.5)52 (46.0)
 Other22 (5.7)2 (1.2)11 (9.8)9 (8.0)
Religion, n (%)b
 Buddhist290 (74.4)85 (51.5)95 (84.8)110 (97.3)
 Christian78 (20.0)59 (35.8)16 (14.3)3 (2.7)
 Muslim21 (5.4)21 (12.7)0 (0)0 (0)
 Other1 (0.2)0 (0)1 (0.9)0 (0)
Literacy, n (%)
 Can read/write263 (67.4)116 (70.3)77 (68.8)70 (62.0)
 Cannot read/write127 (32.6)49 (29.7)35 (31.2)43 (38.0)
Smoker, n (%)
 Yes35 (9.0)15 (9.1)13 (11.6)7 (6.2)
 No355 (91.0)150 (90.9)99 (88.4)106 (93.8)
ANC visits, n (%)c
  < 823 (5.9)11 (6.7)6 (5.4)6 (5.3)
  ≥ 8366 (94.1)154 (93.3)105 (94.6)107 (94.7)
Household characteristics
 Length of residence (yrs), mean (SD)b7.6 (5.9)9.3 (5.8)7.0 (6.1)5.8 (5.3)
 Weekly food expenditure per household member (USD), mean (SD)d4.3 (2.8)3.6 (2.4)4.8 (3.0)4.7 (2.8)
≥ 2 food resources, n (%)d
 Yes341 (87.9)158 (96.3)99 (89.2)84 (74.3)
 No47 (12.1)6 (3.7)12 (10.8)29 (25.7)
Sanitation, n (%)e
 Improved362 (93.1)163 (98.8)94 (84.7)105 (92.9)
 Unimproved27 (6.9)2 (1.2)17 (15.3)8 (7.1)
Time travelled to clinic, n (%)b
  < 30 min288 (73.9)149 (90.3)60 (53.6)79 (69.9)
  ≥ 30 min102 (26.1)16 (9.7)52 (46.4)34 (30.1)
  1. MLA Mae La refugee camp (“refugees”), MKT Mawker Thai village (“migrants”), WPA Wang Pha village (“migrants”), ANC antenatal care, yrs years, SD standard deviation
  2. a“Unknown” data excluded: MKT (n = 101); WPA (n = 111)
  3. bSignificant for trend (p < 0.001)
  4. cMissing data: MKT (n = 111)
  5. dSignificant for trend (p < 0.001). Missing data: MLA (n = 164); MKT (n = 111)
  6. eSignificant for trend (p < 0.001). Missing data: MKT (n = 111)