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Table 2 Demographic and household characteristics of 390 mothers enrolled in the cross-sectional component of the study by site

From: Feeding practices and risk factors for chronic infant undernutrition among refugees and migrants along the Thailand-Myanmar border: a mixed-methods study

Maternal characteristics Total Refugees Migrants
MLA MKT WPA
Total mothers surveyed, n (%) 390 165 (42.3) 112 (28.7) 113 (29.0)
Maternal age (yrs), mean (SD) 27.0 (6.4) 27.3 (6.3) 27.0 (6.8) 26.6 (6.2)
Paternal education (yrs), mean (SD)a 4.5 (3.7) 4.7 (4.0) 4.4 (3.6) 4.2 (3.4)
Infant age (months), mean (SD) 7.3 (3.4) 7.1 (3.6) 7.2 (3.3) 7.5 (3.4)
< 6 months, n (%) 132 (33.8) 62 (37.6) 37 (33.0) 33 (29.2)
≥ 6 months, n (%) 258 (66.2) 103 (62.4) 75 (67.0) 80 (70.8)
Infant sex, n (%)
 Male 179 (45.9) 79 (47.9) 52 (46.4) 48 (42.5)
 Female 211 (54.1) 86 (52.1) 60 (53.6) 65 (57.5)
Ethnicity, n (%)b
 Karen 254 (65.1) 143 (86.7) 59 (52.7) 52 (46.0)
 Burman 114 (29.2) 20 (12.1) 42 (37.5) 52 (46.0)
 Other 22 (5.7) 2 (1.2) 11 (9.8) 9 (8.0)
Religion, n (%)b
 Buddhist 290 (74.4) 85 (51.5) 95 (84.8) 110 (97.3)
 Christian 78 (20.0) 59 (35.8) 16 (14.3) 3 (2.7)
 Muslim 21 (5.4) 21 (12.7) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Other 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 0 (0)
Literacy, n (%)
 Can read/write 263 (67.4) 116 (70.3) 77 (68.8) 70 (62.0)
 Cannot read/write 127 (32.6) 49 (29.7) 35 (31.2) 43 (38.0)
Smoker, n (%)
 Yes 35 (9.0) 15 (9.1) 13 (11.6) 7 (6.2)
 No 355 (91.0) 150 (90.9) 99 (88.4) 106 (93.8)
ANC visits, n (%)c
  < 8 23 (5.9) 11 (6.7) 6 (5.4) 6 (5.3)
  ≥ 8 366 (94.1) 154 (93.3) 105 (94.6) 107 (94.7)
Household characteristics
 Length of residence (yrs), mean (SD)b 7.6 (5.9) 9.3 (5.8) 7.0 (6.1) 5.8 (5.3)
 Weekly food expenditure per household member (USD), mean (SD)d 4.3 (2.8) 3.6 (2.4) 4.8 (3.0) 4.7 (2.8)
≥ 2 food resources, n (%)d
 Yes 341 (87.9) 158 (96.3) 99 (89.2) 84 (74.3)
 No 47 (12.1) 6 (3.7) 12 (10.8) 29 (25.7)
Sanitation, n (%)e
 Improved 362 (93.1) 163 (98.8) 94 (84.7) 105 (92.9)
 Unimproved 27 (6.9) 2 (1.2) 17 (15.3) 8 (7.1)
Time travelled to clinic, n (%)b
  < 30 min 288 (73.9) 149 (90.3) 60 (53.6) 79 (69.9)
  ≥ 30 min 102 (26.1) 16 (9.7) 52 (46.4) 34 (30.1)
  1. MLA Mae La refugee camp (“refugees”), MKT Mawker Thai village (“migrants”), WPA Wang Pha village (“migrants”), ANC antenatal care, yrs years, SD standard deviation
  2. a“Unknown” data excluded: MKT (n = 101); WPA (n = 111)
  3. bSignificant for trend (p < 0.001)
  4. cMissing data: MKT (n = 111)
  5. dSignificant for trend (p < 0.001). Missing data: MLA (n = 164); MKT (n = 111)
  6. eSignificant for trend (p < 0.001). Missing data: MKT (n = 111)